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Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome in Late Postpartum Eclampsia: A Case Report

Kwon MJ, Kim DH, Byun JM, Kim YN, Lee KB, Sung MS, Jeong DH

Late postpartum eclampsia is defined as the onset of a seizure more than 48 hours after delivery. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinical-radiological entity characterized by clinical manifestations...
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A Comprasion of the Activation of Mirror Neurons Induced by Action Observation between Simple and Complex Hand Movement

Lee MY, Kim JS

PURPOSE: We compared the activation pattern of the mirror neurons (MN) between two types of hand movement according to action observation using functional MRI. METHODS: Twelve right-handed healthy subjects (5 male...
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Effects of Amisulpride Adjunctive Therapy on Working Memory and Brain Metabolism in the Frontal Cortex of Patients with Schizophrenia: A Preliminary Positron Emission Tomography/Computerized Tomography Investigation

Park JH, Hong JS, Kim SM, Min KJ, Chung US, Han DH

OBJECTIVE: Dopamine plays a significant role in working memory by acting as a key neuromodulator between brain networks. Additionally, treatment of patients with schizophrenia using amisulpride, a pure dopamine class...
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Bilateral Occipital Lobe Infarction Presenting as Bilateral Inferior Altitudinal Defects

Han SW, Chung SA

PURPOSE: Horizontal visual field defects are generally caused by lesions before the optic chiasm, but we report a case with bilateral inferior altitudinal defects secondary to bilateral occipital lobe infarction. CASE...
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Homonymous Quadrantanopia Caused by Occipital Lobe Ulegyria

Lee J, Kim WJ

PURPOSE: We report a case of homonymous quadrantanopia caused by occipital lobe ulegyria. CASE SUMMARY: A 23-year-female was referred to our clinic because of a visual field defect incidentally discovered during...
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Neural Mechanism of Second Language Processing in Korean-English Bilingual Children

Lee YY, Baek BH, Kim SK, Park IW, Jeong GW, Baek S, Yoon W

PURPOSE: To evaluate the neural mechanism of second language processing in Korean-English bilingual children using functional MRI (fMRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 20 Korean elementary school children...
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Altered Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Associated with Mood and Sleep in Shift Workers: Cerebral Perfusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

Park YK, Kim JH, Choi SJ, Kim ST, Joo EY

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Shift work disrupts the body's circadian rhythms and increases the risk of health problems. Despite evidence of neuropsychological disturbances in shift workers (SW), the brain functional status...
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Effects of Unconscious Emotional Distracters on Conscious Working Memory Maintenance in Patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Early Childhood Trauma: A Preliminary Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

Um ZS, Yang JC, Park JI, Kim GW

OBJECTIVES: Few studies have assessed the neural mechanisms of the effects of unconscious emotional distracter on cognition in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients. Thus, this study used functional magnetic resonance...
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Evaluation of Metabolite Changes in the Occipital Cortex of Patients with Idiopathic Infantile Nystagmus or Bilateral Ametropic Amblyopia by Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Konus I, Ozsoy E, Turkcuoglu P, Emre S, Duman F

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of idiopathic infantile nystagmus (IN) and bilateral ametropic amblyopia on metabolites in the occipital cortex by magnetic resonance spectroscopy. METHODS: The children included in this prospective...
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Biological and Clinical Markers in Panic Disorder

Cosci F, Mansueto G

OBJECTIVE: Classifying mental disorders on the basis of objective makers might clarify their aetiology, help in making the diagnosis, identify “at risk” individuals, determine the severity of mental illness, and...
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Fear Network Model in Panic Disorder: The Past and the Future

Lai CH

The core concept for pathophysiology in panic disorder (PD) is the fear network model (FNM). The alterations in FNM might be linked with disturbances in the autonomic nervous system (ANS),...
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Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome in a woman who used gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists: a case report

Lee M, Kim TH, Kim SJ, Jee BC

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a newly described adverse effect possibly associated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist therapy. We report a case of PRES after 2 doses of depot...
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FDG PET Findings according to Wandering Patterns of Patients with Drug-naïve Alzheimer's Disease

Yang Y, Kwak YT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To explore anatomic substrate of specific wandering patterns in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) by performing positron emission tomography with 18F fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET). METHODS:...
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Unilateral Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome Secondary to Renal Artery Obstruction: A Case Report

Roh YY, Yoo JH, Chung HJ

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES, or posterior leukoencephalopahty syndrome) is a neurological condition caused by reversible cortical/subcortical vasogenic brain edema secondary to hypertension, cytotoxic drugs, immunosuppressants, autoimmune diseases, renal disease,...
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Reduction in Alpha Peak Frequency and Coherence on Quantitative Electroencephalography in Patients with Schizophrenia

Yeum TS, Kang UG

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to examine the characteristics of alpha wave peak frequency, power, and coherence in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with schizophrenia and age- and...
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The Effect of Leukoaraiosis on the Severity and Course of Delirium

Choi WJ, Seok JH, Oh ST, Chung TS, Kim JJ

OBJECTIVES: The significance of leukoaraiosis on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is uncertain, but it is often seen with vascular risk factors or in the context of cognitive impairment. We...
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Associations between Brain Perfusion and Sleep Disturbance in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease

Im JJ, Jeong HS, Park JS, Na SH, Chung YA, Yang Y, Song IU

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although sleep disturbances are common and considered a major burden for patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), the fundamental mechanisms underlying the development and maintenance of sleep disturbance...
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Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Idiopathic Herniation of the Lingual Gyrus: a Case Report

Seok HY, Lee DH

Idiopathic brain herniation is a rare condition. We believe that this is the first reported case of idiopathic herniation of the lingual gyrus. The case involves a 57-year-old woman presenting...
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Childhood Idiopathic Occipital Lobe Epilepsy: Clinical Characteristics and Prognostic Factors

Kwon JY, Kim GH, Eun SH, Eun BL, Byeon JH

PURPOSE: Among syndromes of idiopathic occipital lobe epilepsy there are Panayiotopoulos syndrome (PS) and idiopathic childhood occipital epilepsy of Gastaut (ICOE-G). However, the classification of epilepsy syndrome is difficult to...
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Brain Areas Subserving Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking: An Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

Hahm J, Kim KK, Park SH, Lee HM

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT) is a well-known and commonly used measure of creativity. However, the TTCT-induced creative hemodynamic brain activity is rarely revealed. The purpose...
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