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Reasons and Risk Factors for Readmission Following Hospitalization for Community-acquired Pneumonia in South Korea

Jang JG, Ahn JH

BACKGROUND: Limited studies have been performed to assess readmission following hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in an Asian population. We evaluated the rates, reasons, and risk factors for 30-day readmission...
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Protocol of a Nationwide Observational Study among Patients with Nontuberculous Mycobacterium Pulmonary Disease in South Korea (NTM-KOREA)

Kwak N, Choi H, Jeon D, Jhun BW, Jo KW, Kang YA, Kwon YS, Lee M, Mok J, Shim TS, Shin HJ, Whang J, Yim JJ

BACKGROUND: The burden of nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) pulmonary disease (PD) is increasing globally. To understand the treatment outcomes and prognosis of NTM-PD, a unified registry is needed. In this project,...
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Factors Affecting Quality of Life and Satisfaction in Patients with Arthritis after Change to a Fixed-Dose Naproxen/Esomeprazole Combination Drug

Park D, Kwon Y

BACKGROUND: In drug therapy for patients with arthritis, a naproxen/esomeprazole combination drug may be a tolerable choice because it can minimize gastrointestinal and cardiovascular adverse effects. The aim of this...
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Red Blood Cell Alloimmunization in Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease Population of Puerto Rico: An Observational Study

Balbuena-Merle RI, Nazario-Delgado CM, Rosario-Rosado RV, Millán-Tapia D, Climent-Peris C

No abstract available.
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Changes in the Quality of Life in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus According to Physician and Patient Behaviors

Kim YJ, Jeong IK, Kim SG, Cho DH, Kim CH, Kim CS, Lee WY, Won KC, Cha JH, Lee J, Kim DM

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most common chronic metabolic disorder with an increasing prevalence worldwide. According to a previous study, physicians' treatment patterns or patients' behaviors change when they...
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The Use of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Agonist Does Not Affect the Development of Cardiovascular Disease in Prostate Cancer Patients: a Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study

Shim M, Bang WJ, Oh CY, Lee YS, Jeon SS, Ahn H, Ju YS, Cho JS

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate whether androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) in prostate cancer (Pca) patients is associated with cardiovascular disease in...
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Comparison of the Treatment Outcomes of Photodynamic Therapy and Ingenol Mebutate in Bowen's Disease: A Retrospective Observational Study

An JH, Shin JU, Kim HJ, Lee HJ, Yoon MS, Kim DH

BACKGROUND: Bowen's disease (BD) is treated by multiple treatment modalities. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of photodynamic therapy (PDT) and ingenol mebutate (IMB) in treating BD and determine the factors affecting...
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Association Between Serum Bilirubin and the Progression of Carotid Atherosclerosis in Type 2 Diabetes

Lee I, Lee HH, Cho Y, Choi YJ, Huh BW, Lee BW, Kang ES, Park SW, Cha BS, Lee EJ, Lee YH, Huh KB

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether serum bilirubin levels can predict the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This observational study included 1,381 subjects with...
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Association between fruit and vegetable allergies and pollen-food allergy syndrome in Japanese children: a multicenter cross-sectional case series

Takemura Y, Takaoka Y, Arima T, Masumi H, Yamasaki K, Nagai M, Sugimoto K, Hamada M, Takano T, Doi M, Kawakami T, Kameda M

BACKGROUND: Recently, the prevalence of food allergies during childhood is increasing, with fruits being common allergens. However, data on allergens that cause fruit and vegetable allergies and pollen-food allergy syndrome...
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Sevoflurane with opioid or dexmedetomidine infusions in dogs undergoing intracranial surgery: a retrospective observational study

Marquez-Grados F, Vettorato , Corletto F

This study reports the clinical use of two sevoflurane-based anesthetic techniques in dogs undergoing craniectomy. Twenty-one animals undergoing elective rostrotentorial or transfrontal craniectomy for brain tumor excision, anesthetized with sevoflurane,...
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Comparison of Visual Acuity and Retinal Thickness According to Membranectomy in Idiopathic Epiretinal Membrane

Kim C, Sun HJ, Lee SJ, Choi KS

PURPOSE: To compare the visual acuity and retinal thickness in patients with an idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM) after vitrectomy and membranectomy using two different methods. METHODS: This retrospective observational study included...
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Effect of Low-Dose Nebivolol in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Multi-Center Observational Study

Sim DS, Hyun DY, Jeong MH, Kim HS, Chang K, Choi DJ, Han KR, Ahn TH, Bae JH, Choi SW, Park JS, Hur SH, Chae JK, Oh SK, Cha KS, Hwang JY

The optimal dose of beta blockers after acute myocardial infarction (MI) remains uncertain. We evaluated the effectiveness of low-dose nebivolol, a beta1 blocker and a vasodilator, in patients with acute...
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Intensivists' Direct Management without Residents May Improve the Survival Rate Compared to High-Intensity Intensivist Staffing in Academic Intensive Care Units: Retrospective and Crossover Study Design

Kim JH, Kim J, Bae S, Lee T, Ahn JJ, Kang BJ

BACKGROUND: Medical staff members are concentrated in the intensive care unit (ICU), and medical residents are essentially needed to operate the ICU. However, the recent trend has been to restrict...
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Real-Life Effectiveness and Tolerability of Perampanel in Pediatric Patients Aged 4 Years or Older with Epilepsy: A Korean National Multicenter Study

Hwang SK, Lee YJ, Nam SO, Kim WS, Kim JS, Kim SJ, Lee YJ, Kwon S

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The US Food and Drug Administration approval for perampanel has only recently been expanded to patients as young as 4 years, and so there have been few...
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Usefulness of an Implantable Loop Recorder in Diagnosing Unexplained Syncope and Predictors for Pacemaker Implantation

Lee SH, Kim TH, Oh YS, Oh S, Choi JI, Kim JB, Nah JC, Im SI, Kang KW, Han S, Kim JS

BACKGROUND: An implantable loop recorder (ILR) is an effective tool for diagnosing unexplained syncope (US). We examined the diagnostic utility of an ILR in detecting arrhythmic causes of US and...
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Treatment persistence with a fixed-dose combination of tadalafil (5 mg) and tamsulosin (0.4 mg) and reasons for early discontinuation in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and erectile dysfunction

Ahn ST, Lee DH, Jeong HG, Kim JW, Oh MM, Park HS, Moon DG

PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study was to assess treatment persistence with a fixed-dose combination (FDC) of tadalafil (5 mg) and tamsulosin (0.4 mg). This study also evaluated the...
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Clinical Characteristics of Chronic Cough in Korea

An TJ, Kim JW, Choi EY, Jang SH, Lee HY, Kang HS, Koo HK, Lee JM, Kim SK, Shin JW, Park SY, Rhee CK, Moon JY, Kim YH, Lee H, Kim YH, Kim JH, Lee SH, Kim DK, Yoo KH, Kim DG, Jung KS, Kim HJ, Yoon HK, on behalf of the Cough Study Group of the Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases

BACKGROUND: Chronic cough is defined as a cough lasting more than 8 weeks and socio-economic burden of chronic cough is enormous. The characteristics of chronic cough in Korea are not...
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Retrospective Observational Study of Narrow Diameter Implants

Lee JG, Kang DW, Yun PY, Kim YK

PURPOSE: To Analyse clinical treatment outcomes and prognosis of patients who have received narrow diameter implants due to anterior tooth loss, and to assess long-term success measured through radiological examination. MATERIAL...
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Association of metformin and statin medications with surrogate measures of cardiovascular disease in youth with type 1 diabetes: the SEARCH for diabetes in youth study

Gourgari E, Stafford J, D'Agostino R, Dolan LM, Lawrence J, Mottl A, Pihoker C, Urbina EM, Wadwa RP, Dabelea D

PURPOSE: Youth with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) are at risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We evaluated if metformin or statin use was associated with surrogate measures of improved CVD. METHODS:...
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Chemoport-A Savior in Children Who Require Chronic Venous Access: An Observational Study

Radhakrishna V, Radhakrishnan CN, Rao RC, Kireeti G

PURPOSE: Long-term venous access is cumbersome in children because of their thin caliber veins, less cooperative nature, and easy compromise of venous integrity. Hence, a study was conducted to evaluate...
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