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Comparison of the muscle activity in the normal and forward head postures based on the pressure level during cranio-cervical flexion exercises

Kang D, Oh T

PURPOSE: This paper proposes proper and effective neck exercises by comparing the deep and superficial cervical flexor muscle activities and thickness according to the pressure level during cranio-cervical flexion exercises...
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Elevated Levels of Serum Pentosidine Are Associated with Dropped Head Syndrome in Older Women

Eguchi Y, Toyoguchi , Inage K, Orita S, Yamauchi K, Suzuki M, Kanamoto H, Abe K, Norimoto M, Umimura T, Koda M, Furuya T, Aoki Y, Takahashi , Ohtori S

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective observational study was performed. PURPOSE: We investigated the prevalence of sarcopenia in dropped head syndrome (DHS), and the relationship between biochemical markers, including major advanced glycation end...
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Effects of Shoulder Taping on Discomfort and Electromyographic Responses of the Neck While Texting on a Touchscreen Smartphone

Areeudomwong P, Oapdunsalam K, Havicha Y, Tantai S, Buttagat V

BACKGROUND: Prolonged neck flexion during smartphone use is known as a factor of neck pain and alteration of neck muscle activity. Studies on the effects of shoulder taping on neck...
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Intramuscular Hemangioma of the Sternocleidomastoid Muscle: An Unusual Neck Mass

Kim JR, Kim SJ, Kang B, Woo JS

Hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors in infancy, occurring most often on cutaneous and mucosal surfaces. Although less than 1% of hemangiomas occur in skeletal muscle, 15% of intramuscular...
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A Lower T1 Slope as a Predictor of Subsidence in Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion with Stand-Alone Cages

Lee SH, Lee JS, Sung SK, Son DW, Lee SW, Song GS

OBJECTIVE: Preoperative parameters including the T1 slope (T1S) and C2–C7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA) have been recognized as predictors of kyphosis after laminoplasty, which is accompanied by posterior neck muscle...
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Unusual muscle of the anterior neck: cadaveric findings with surgical applications

Iwanaga J, Tabira Y, Fisahn C, Alonso F, Watanabe K, Kusukawa J, Oskouian R, Tubbs RS, Yamaki KI

The omohyoid muscle typically has an inferior belly originating from the superior border of the scapula, and then passes deep to the sternocleidomastoid muscle where its superior belly passes almost...
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Myasthenia Gravis with Thymoma Recurrence 20 Years after Thymectomy: What Is the Optimal Follow-up Duration?

Park JA, Kwon DH, Bae CH, Seok JI

Thymoma occurs in about 20% of patients with myasthenia gravis (MG), but the recurrence of thymoma has rarely been reported. A 68-year-old man presented with ptosis and weakness of the...
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Protein Kinase C Mediates the Corticosterone-induced Sensitization of Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurons Innervating the Rat Stomach

Li M, Xue L, Zhu HY, Wang H, Xu X, Zhang PA, Wu G, Xu GY

  • KMID: 2387838
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2017 Jul;23(3):464-476.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm16161
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gastric hypersensitivity contributes to abdominal pain in patients with functional dyspepsia. Recent studies showed that hormones induced by stress are correlated with visceral hypersensitivity. However, the precise mechanisms underlying...
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Changes in Oral Vowel Sounds and Hyoid Bone Movement After Thyroidectomy

Hong KH, Yang WS, Park MJ, Oh JS, Han BH

OBJECTIVES: Voice and speech alterations after total thyroidectomy may be associated with other extralaryngeal factors, such as neck muscle dysfunction and neck scar contracture. We evaluated the acoustic characteristics of...
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A Case of Primary Ewing Sarcoma of the Strap Muscle

Ahn D, Sohn JH, Jeong JY

Ewing sarcoma (ES) is an uncommon type of malignancy that arises most frequently in the long bones of the extremities and the pelvis. Primary ES of the head and neck...
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Surgical Anatomy of the Longus Colli Muscle and Uncinate Process in the Cervical Spine

Park MS, Moon SH, Kim TH, Oh JK, Kim HJ, Park KT, Riew KD

PURPOSE: There have been a few previous reports regarding the distances between the medial borders of the longus colli to expose the disc space. However, to our knowledge, there are...
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Plunging Ranulas Revisited: A CT Study with Emphasis on a Defect of the Mylohyoid Muscle as the Primary Route of Lesion Propagation

Lee JY, Lee HY, Kim HJ, Jeong HS, Kim YK, Cha J, Kim ST

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the pathogenesis of plunging ranulas in regard of the pathway of lesion propagation using CT scans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed...
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Comparison between Steroid Injection and Stretching Exercise on the Scalene of Patients with Upper Extremity Paresthesia: Randomized Cross-Over Study

Kim YW, Yoon SY, Park Y, Chang WH, Lee SC

PURPOSE: To compare the therapeutic effects on upper extremity paresthesia of intra-muscular steroid injections into the scalene muscle with those of stretching exercise only. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with upper...
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Ultrasonographic Measurement of Thickness of the Thyrohyoid Muscle: A Pilot Study

Cheon JH, Nam DH, Kim H, Lee DY, Cho YK, Kang EY, Lee SH

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the normal thickness of the thyrohyoid muscle, which is one of the key muscles related to swallowing, by ultrasonography. METHODS: The thickness of the left and right thyrohyoid...
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The Impact of Engorged Vein within Traumatic Posterior Neck Muscle Identified in Preoperative Computed Tomography Angiography to Estimated Blood Loss during Posterior Upper Cervical Spine Surgery

Ha MJ, Kim BC, Huh CW, Lee JI, Cho WH, Choi HJ

OBJECTIVE: Injuries of upper cervical spine are potentially fatal. Thus, appropriate diagnosis and treatment is essential. In our institute, preoperative computed tomography angiography (CTA) has been performed for evaluation of...
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Reduced Neck Muscle Strength and Altered Muscle Mechanical Properties in Cervical Dystonia Following Botulinum Neurotoxin Injections: A Prospective Study

Mustalampi S, Ylinen J, Korniloff , Weir A, Häkkinen

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in the strength and mechanical properties of neck muscles and disability in patients with cervical dystonia (CD) during a 12-week period following botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) injections. METHODS:...
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An Intramuscular Hemangioma at the Cervical Muscle: A Case Report

Jang KM, Park SW, Kim YB

Intramuscular hemangioma (IMH) primarily develops in the skeletal muscles of the limbs or trunk. The occurrence of IMH in the neck muscle is very rare. In the present report, we...
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Different Movement of Hyolaryngeal Structures by Various Application of Electrical Stimulation in Normal Individuals

Kim SH, Oh BM, Han TR, Jeong HJ, Sim YJ

OBJECTIVE: To identify the differences in the movement of the hyoid bone and the vocal cord with and without electrical stimulation in normal subjects. METHODS: Two-dimensional motion analysis using a videofluoroscopic...
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The Effect of Total Thyroidectomy on the Speech Production

Hong KH, Yang YS, Lee HD, Yoon YS, Hong YT

OBJECTIVES: Voice and speech alternations that can occur after total thyroidectomy are usually due to recurrent or superior laryngeal nerve injury. These alterations may also be associated with other extralaryngeal...
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Neck muscle atrophy and soft-tissue fibrosis after neck dissection and postoperative radiotherapy for oral cancer

Kim J, Shin ES, Kim JE, Yoon SP, Kim YS

Late complications of head and neck cancer survivors include neck muscle atrophy and soft-tissue fibrosis. We present an autopsy case of neck muscle atrophy and soft-tissue fibrosis (sternocleidomastoid, omohyoid, digastric,...
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