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Cryptococcal Meningitis Complicated by a Brain Abscess and an Abdominal Pseudocyst Following Ventriculoperitoneal Shunting

Kim MJ, Lee JU

Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion is the standard treatment for hydrocephalus; shunt-associated infection is the most common complication after surgery. However, fungal infections are unusual. We present a case of cryptococcal...
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Paradoxical Cryptococcal Meningitis Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome in a Patient with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection: Matching Clinical Findings with MRI Findings

Moon S, Hahm MH

There are two forms of cryptococcal meningitis immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (CM-IRIS): paradoxical CM-IRIS and unmasking CM-IRIS. It is important to distinguish paradoxical CM-IRIS and CM relapse because mortality of...
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Liquid-Based Cytology of the Cerebrospinal Fluid in a Case of Cryptococcal Meningitis

Choi J, Kim SH

Cryptococcus neoformans is the most common microorganism found in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology and causes life-threatening infections in immunocompromised hosts. Although its cytomorphologic features in conventional smear cytology have been...
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Successful desensitization to fluconazole induced delayed hypersensitivity: A case report

Heo YJ, Park SW, Lee KS, Kang HR, Kwon JW

Fluconazole is a triazole-based first-generation antifungal agent and has excellent effects on candidiasis and cryptococcosis. Hypersensitivity has been reported as a side effect of fluconazole. A 76-year-old female patient used...
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Imagery Conduciveness in the Diagnosis of Cryptococcal Meningitis

Kwon O, Ra H, Park J, Park J

No abstract available.
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Cryptococcal Meningitis Initially Presenting with Hemiparesis

Lee GH, Byun W, Lee HC, Park SP, Seo JG

No abstract available.
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The 2015 Clinical Guidelines for the Treatment and Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Koreans: Guidelines for Opportunistic Infections

The Korean Society for AIDS

The Committee for Clinical Guidelines for the Treatment and Prevention of Opportunistic Infections of the Korean Society for AIDS was founded in 2011. The first edition of the Korean guidelines...
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Cryptococcal Meningoencephalitis in a Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patient without Immunosuppressants

Bae SY, Kim JY, Oh HH, Choi SJ, Lee JH, Park M, Han SH

Cryptococcosis is an opportunistic infection that generally occurs in patients with cell-mediated immune dysfunction and involves the central nervous system. Infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in...
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A Case of Cryptococcal Meningitis Mimicking Hepatic Encephalopathy in a Patient with Liver Cirrhosis Caused by Chronic Hepatitis C

Choi HM, Jung GM, Lee WK, Lee HS, Kim BS, Seong CS, Yoon SH, Cho YK

Cryptococcus neoformans, an encapsulated fungus, is an important opportunistic pathogen that can cause meningitis in immunocompromised patients. Since patients with cryptococcemia have high mortality, it is essential to make an...
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Cryptococcal meningitis in a patient with chronic hepatitis C treated with pegylated-interferon and ribavirin

Lee TH, Lee KO, Kim YS, Kim SM, Huh KC, Choi YW, Kang YW

Various adverse events have been reported during combination therapy with pegylated (PEG)-interferon-alpha and ribavirin, although opportunistic infections, especially cryptococcal meningitis, are very rare. A 61-year-old woman complained of headaches and...
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Cryptococcal Meningoencephalitis Presenting as Cerebral Infarction and Multiple Cranial Nerve Palsies

Lee MJ, Do Y, Lee DK

  • KMID: 2288712
  • Korean J Stroke.
  • 2012 Aug;14(2):78-81.
Cryptococcosis is a global invasive mycosis associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Fever, headache and vomiting are common clinical presentations of the cryptococcal meningitis. But ischemic stroke and cranial nerve...
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Cryptococcal Meningitis in Patients with or without Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Experience in a Tertiary Hospital

Lee SJ, Choi HK, Son J, Kim KH, Lee SH

PURPOSE: Cryptococcal meningitis is a relatively common opportunistic infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients and it can frequently occur in immunocompetent hosts without any apparent underlying disease. Nevertheless, little...
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Cryptococcal Meningitis : 12 Years Experience in a Single Tertiary Health Care Center

Jeong SJ, Chae YT, Jin SJ, Baek JH, Chin BS, Han SH, Kim CO, Choi JY, Song YG, Kim JM

BACKGROUND: Cryptococcal infections are frequent in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. This infection may occur in other immunocompromised patients, and the diagnosis is often delayed in these cases. There are...
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Multiple Sclerosis-like Illness in a Patient With HIV Infection

Kim J, Lee KO, Na SJ

  • KMID: 2184985
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2010 Aug;28(3):222-224.
The spectrum of neurological complications that occurs in the setting of HIV-1 infection includes AIDS-dementia complex, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, brain lymphoma, toxoplasma encephalitis, and cryptococcal meningitis. We present a 36-year-old...
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A Case of Disseminated Crytococcosis in a Patient with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Jung HR, Kwon HH, Choe JY

Disseminated cryptococcosis mainly occurs in immunocompromised patients. It enters the body through the respiratory tract and spreads to the lungs, skin, liver and lymphoid organs. Among cryptococcosis, cryptococcal meningitis is...
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Cryptococcal Meningitis Presenting with Isolated Sixth Cranial Nerve Palsy in a Patient with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Kwok SK, Seo SH, Ju JH, Yoon CH, Park SC, Kim BS, Kim HY, Park SH

Cryptococcal meningitis is a rare complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The nonspecific neurologic findings associated with this infection delays accurate diagnosis because initial neuropsychiatric manifestations of SLE are in...
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Complete Binocular Blindness as the First Manifestation of HIV-Related Cryptococcal Meningitis

Hong YJ, Jung S, Kim JY, Kwon SB, Song KB, Hwang SH, Min YK, Kwon KH, Lee BC

Ocular complications of HIV-related cryptococcal meningitis are reasonably common, but complete binocular blindness as the first manifestation of HIV is extremely rare. A 58-year-old man presented with binocular blindness. He...
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A Case of Cryptococcal Meningoencephalitis with Cryptococcal Pneumonia in Pregnancy

Park KH, Song JS, Choe PG, Bang JH, Cho JH, Park WB, Kim HB, Kim NJ, Oh MD, Choe KW

  • KMID: 1974547
  • Infect Chemother.
  • 2006 Aug;38(4):229-233.
Cryptoccocosis occurs more frequently in immunocompromised hosts such as patients with AIDS, lymphoma, leukemia and other debilitating diseases. Pulmonary cryptococcosis can occur in the absence of any recognized immunodeficiency and...
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A Case of Cryptococcal Meningitis Presenting as Bilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Park MG, Son JY, Jo JW, Park KP, Jung DS

  • KMID: 1572470
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2006 Jun;24(3):294-297.
Bilateral sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is a relatively well-recognized complication of bacterial meningitis, but is a rare initial manifestation in acute cryptococcal meningitis. We report a case of cryptococcal meningitis...
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A Case of Cryptococcal Meningitis with Bilateral Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia and Ptosis

Kim S, Kwon OY, Son S, Kim J, Choi J, Park KJ, Choi NC, Lim BH

  • KMID: 2185362
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2005 Aug;23(4):557-560.
A 73-year-old woman with long-term steroid medication for arthralgia, suffered a sudden decrement of mental status, bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia and ptosis. T2-weighted MR images revealed high signals in the midbrain...
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