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Pneumomediastinum and Subcutaneous Emphysema after Use of a High-Speed Dental Handpiece

Park YK, Choi CW, Shin HK

Subcutaneous facial emphysema after dental treatment is an uncommon complication caused by dental procedures. However, in severe cases, it can spread to the neck, mediastinum, and thorax, resulting in pneumomediastinum...
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Iatrogenic Tension Pneumothorax after Surgical Tracheostomy in a Child with Idiopathic Subglottic Stenosis: case report

Park SY, Yim WJ, Jeong JH, Kim J, Lee SC, Choi SR, Lee JH, Chung CJ

Tracheostomy is increasingly performed in children for upper airway anomalies. Here, an 18-month-old child (height 84.1 cm, weight 12.5 kg) presented to the emergency department with dyspnea, stridor, and chest...
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Anesthetic Consideration for Peroral Endoscopic Myotomy

Bang YS, Park C

A recent achalasia guideline suggests that peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a safe option for achalasia that is as effective as Heller myotomy. It is recommended that POEM should be...
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A Case of Subcutaneous Emphysema and Pneumomediastinum after Palatine Tonsillectomy

Lee E, Park SI, Ryu GH, Kim HY

Palatine tonsillectomy is a very common procedure and it is relatively safe and has few complications. However, some severe, although rare, complications that can lead a patient to life-threatening status...
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Iatrogenic pyriform sinus perforation during endoscopic ultrasonography

Kim YM, Park JJ, Youn YH

SUMMARY OF EVENT: A 65-year-old women underwent endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) to evaluate the gastric submucosal tumor. The EUS scope was inserted into the esophagus after two attempts. A neck computed...
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Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum during dental treatment

Ko SY, Lee JH

Subcutaneous emphysema is a rare complication of maxillofacial and dental surgery, and may be life-threatening because it can rapidly spread to the scalp, neck, and chest. We report a case...
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Pneumoparotitis

House LK, Lewis AF

The objective is to review a case of pneumoparotitis and to discuss how knowledge of this unique presentation is important when making differential diagnoses in emergency medicine. A patient with...
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Subcutaneous emphysema related to dental procedures

Jeong CH, Yoon S, Chung SW, Kim JY, Park KH, Huh JK

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to analyze 11 cases of subcutaneous emphysema associated with dental procedures from a single hospital and discuss approaches for accurate diagnosis and treatment...
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Pneumomediastinum after Forceful Vomiting in a Patient with Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Kim DH, Yu TY, Cho CG

No abstract available.
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Esophageal Foreign Body: Treatment and Complications

Boo SJ, Kim HU

The most common cause of esophageal foreign bodies in adults is meat in Western countries and fish bones in Asian countries, including Korea. Although most ingested foreign bodies pass spontaneously...
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Two Cases of Chloromethylisothiazolinone and Methylisothiazolinone-associated Toxic Lung Injury

Lee E, Son SK, Yoon J, Cho HJ, Yang SI, Jung S, Do KH, Cho YA, Lee SY, Park DU, Hong SJ

Previous animal studies have not conclusively determined the association between exposure to humidifier disinfectants (HDs) containing 5-chloro-2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (CMIT) and/or 2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (MIT) and development of HD-associated lung injuries. Nonetheless, patients exposed...
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Delayed diagnosis of postintubation tracheal laceration in a patient who underwent septorhinoplasty including osteotomy: A case report

Son HJ, Mun SJ, Koh JW, Kim TW, Ri HS, Kim HJ, Yeo GE, Lee DK, Choi YJ

Iatrogenic postintubation tracheal injury is a rare but potentially fatal complication associated with anesthesia. However, as signs of tracheal injury including subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, and respiratory distress may also...
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Emphysema following air-powder abrasive treatment for peri-implantitis

Lee ST, Subu MG, Kwon TG

BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous emphysema refers to swelling caused by the presence of air or gas in the interstices of loose connective tissue. In the head and neck area, it may follow...
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The safety of endoscopic esophageal procedures under general anesthesia

Kim GE, Kim DK, Choi JW, Chung IS, Jung DW

BACKGROUND: With the increasing demand for general anesthesia for endoscopic esophageal procedures, anesthesiologists should understand the clinical characteristics of post-procedural complications (PPCs). METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the incidence of and risk...
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Pneumoretroperitoneum, Pneumomediastinum, Pneumothorax, and Subcutaneous Emphysema after Diagnostic Colonoscopy

Lee HS, Park HH, Kim JS, Kang SH, Moon HS, Sung JK, Lee BS, Jeong HY

Colonoscopy is a commonly performed endoscopic procedure. Although it is generally considered to be safe, serious complications, such as colorectal perforation, can occur. Most colonic perforations are intraperitoneal and cause...
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Pneumomediastinum and Pneumoretroperitoneum Induced by Foreign Body in Bronchus

Bang H, Kim SS

A 5-year-old boy was on medication after diagnosed with infantile spasm, and had regular diet with bedridden state. The patient had intermittent fever and cough lasting 1 week before admission....
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Two Cases of Bronchial Injury in Patients with Blunt Chest Trauma

Seo HJ, Sun KH, Kim SP

Traumatic bronchial injury (TBI) is rare and often fatal, usually a result of blunt or penetrating chest trauma. Clinical manifestations of TBI include pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema and continuous air...
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Pneumoperitoneum from Subcutaneous Emphysema after Blunt Chest Injury

Kang BH, Moon J

Pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum can cause pneumoperitoneum, which does not require surgery. There are unverified theories pertaining to how air passes through the diaphragm. We report a case of pneumoperitoneum caused...
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Development of pulmonary air leak in an extremely-low-birth-weight infant without mechanical ventilation: a case report

Kim EM, Kim JY

A 34-year-old woman at 25 weeks 3 days was diagnosed with preterm labor and underwent an emergency cesarean section. The neonate did not cry or show any activity. The heart...
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Risks of transesophageal endoscopic ultrasonography-guided biliary drainage

Okuno N, Hara K, Mizuno N, Hijioka S, Kuwahara T, Tajika M, Tanaka T, Ishihara M, Hirayama Y, Onishi S, Niwa Y

SUMMARY OF EVENT: Pneumoderma, mediastinal emphysema, and bilateral pneumothorax were developed in the patient who had undergone transesophageal endoscopic ultrasonography-guided rendezvous technique. Chest drainage was performed immediately. TEACHING POINT: Transesophageal approach...
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