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Risk Factor and Mortality in Patients with Pulmonary Embolism Combined with Infectious Disease

Lee GD, Ju S, Kim JY, Kim TH, Yoo JW, Lee SJ, Cho YJ, Jeong YY, Jeon KN, Lee JD, Kim HC

BACKGROUND: Infectious conditions may increase the risk of venous thromboembolism. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk factor for combined infectious disease and its influence on mortality...
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Reasons and Risk Factors for Readmission Following Hospitalization for Community-acquired Pneumonia in South Korea

Jang JG, Ahn JH

BACKGROUND: Limited studies have been performed to assess readmission following hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in an Asian population. We evaluated the rates, reasons, and risk factors for 30-day readmission...
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Protocol of a Nationwide Observational Study among Patients with Nontuberculous Mycobacterium Pulmonary Disease in South Korea (NTM-KOREA)

Kwak N, Choi H, Jeon D, Jhun BW, Jo KW, Kang YA, Kwon YS, Lee M, Mok J, Shim TS, Shin HJ, Whang J, Yim JJ

BACKGROUND: The burden of nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) pulmonary disease (PD) is increasing globally. To understand the treatment outcomes and prognosis of NTM-PD, a unified registry is needed. In this project,...
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Current Diagnosis and Management of Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis

Leone PM, Richeldi L

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis (HP) one of the most common interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) is characterized by exposure to an inhaled inciting antigen that leads to a host immunologic reaction determining interstitial...
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Diagnosis and treatment of interstitial lung disease: focusing on idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Kang HR, Choi SM

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a rare condition characterized by extensive inflammation and fibrosis mainly involving the pulmonary interstitium or alveoli. Usually, patients with ILD clinically present with chronic cough...
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High-Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy Can Be Effective for Patients in Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure with Hypercapnia: a Retrospective, Propensity Score-Matched Cohort Study

Bae S, Han M, Kim C, Lee H, Ahn JJ, Kim JH, Kang BJ

BACKGROUND: Usually, high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy is indicated for de novo acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF). Although only a few researches have examined the effectiveness of HFNC therapy for...
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Treatment Outcomes after Discontinuation of Ethambutol due to Adverse Events in Mycobacterium avium Complex Lung Disease

Kwon YS, Kwon BS, Kim OH, Park YE, Shim TS, Chong YP, Jo KW

BACKGROUND: Long-term administration of ethambutol (EMB) for Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease (MAC-LD) sometimes leads to permanent discontinuation of EMB due to various adverse events. This study aimed to investigate...
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Hyperuricemia Is Not Predictive of Long-Term Outcome in Patients with Stable Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Hwang JJ, Oh YM, Rhee CK, Yoo KH, Park YB, Yoon HI, Lim SY, Lee JH, Kim EK, Kim TH, Lee SW, Lee SD, Lee JS, KOLD Group

BACKGROUND: Although the association of hyperuricemia with an increased risk of mortality has been demonstrated in the context of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the long-term outcomes...
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Diagnostic Performance of the GENEDIA MTB/NTM Detection Kit for Detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacteria With Sputum Specimens

Shin S, Yoo IY, Shim HJ, Kang OK, Jhun BW, Koh WJ, Huh HJ, Lee NY

The GENEDIA MTB/NTM Detection Kit (GENEDIA MTB/NTM; Green Cross Medical Science Corp., Chungbuk, Korea) is a multiplex real-time PCR assay used for differential identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) and...
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Cystic fibrosis lung disease: Current perspectives

Jung JA

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). These mutations alter the synthesis, processing, function, or...
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Pharmacological treatment of pulmonary fibrosis

Choi WI

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a condition that has been described as alveolar collapse and thickening, which correlate with dysregulated surfactant production and injury to type 2 alveolar cells. As...
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Clinical Characteristics of Chronic Cough in Korea

An TJ, Kim JW, Choi EY, Jang SH, Lee HY, Kang HS, Koo HK, Lee JM, Kim SK, Shin JW, Park SY, Rhee CK, Moon JY, Kim YH, Lee H, Kim YH, Kim JH, Lee SH, Kim DK, Yoo KH, Kim DG, Jung KS, Kim HJ, Yoon HK, on behalf of the Cough Study Group of the Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases

BACKGROUND: Chronic cough is defined as a cough lasting more than 8 weeks and socio-economic burden of chronic cough is enormous. The characteristics of chronic cough in Korea are not...
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Problems with diagnostic criteria for humidifier disinfectant lung injury (HDLI): two cases of radiologically improved HDLI

Nam MW, Park SY, Suh BS, Ham SY, Son KH, Kim H, Kim HC

BACKGROUND: In Korea, to investigate the casual relationship between humidifier disinfectant and lung disease, four rounds of investigation and judgment were conducted. During this investigation, two adults who performed lung...
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The effect of high fat dietary modification and nutritional status on the outcome of critically ill ventilated children: single-center study

El Koofy N, Rady HI, Abdallah S, Bazaraa HM, Rabie WA, El-Ayadi A

BACKGROUND: Ventilator dependency constitutes a major problem in the intensive care setting. Malnutrition is considered a major determinant of extubation failure, however, attention has been attracted to modulating carbon dioxide...
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Pneumothorax in Full-term Neonates Transferred due to Respiratory Distress

Kim Y, Lee E

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and course of pneumothorax in full-term infants with dyspnea. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 607 newborn infants who had dyspnea and transferred to the tertiary medical center...
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Debridement, Antibiotics and Implant Retention for Early Periprosthetic Infections of the Hip: Outcomes and Influencing Factors

Uriarte I, Moreta J, Mosquera J, Legarreta , Aguirre U, Martínez de los Mozos JL

PURPOSE: Debridement, antibiotics and implant retention (DAIR) is commonly performed and widely accepted for the treatment of acute infections following hip arthroplasty. The aims of this study were to: i)...
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A Stepwise Diagnostic Approach to Cystic Lung Diseases for Radiologists

Lee KC, Kang EY, Yong HS, Kim C, Lee KY, Hwang SH, Oh YW

Lung cysts are commonly seen on computed tomography (CT), and cystic lung diseases show a wide disease spectrum. Thus, correct diagnosis of cystic lung diseases is a challenge for radiologists....
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Waist Circumference and Spirometric Measurements in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Foumani AA, Neyaragh M, Ranjbar ZA, Leyli EK, Ildari S, Jafari A

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the waist circumference of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), had an impact on lung function. METHODS: There were 180...
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Treatment of Mycobacterium Abscessus Pulmonary Disease

Jhun BW, Koh WJ

Mycobacterium abscessus is the second most important pathogen in pulmonary disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), following Mycobacterium avium. Mycobacterium abscessus is classified into three subspecies: M. abscessus subsp. abscessus,...
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Structural and Functional Features on Quantitative Chest Computed Tomography in the Korean Asian versus the White American Healthy Non-Smokers

Cho HB, Chae KJ, Jin GY, Choi J, Lin CL, Hoffman EA, Wenzel SE, Castro M, Fain SB, Jarjour NN, Schiebler , Barr RG, Hansel N, Cooper CB, Kleerup EC, Han MK, Woodruff P, Kanner RE, Bleecker E, Peters SP, Moore WC, Lee CH, Choi S, the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute's SubPopulations and InteRmediate Outcome Measures In COPD Study (SPIROMICS) and Severe Asthma Research Program (SARP)

OBJECTIVE: Considering the different prevalence rates of diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Asians relative to other races, Koreans may have unique airway structure and lung...
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