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Antifungal Mechanism of Action of Lauryl Betaine Against Skin-Associated Fungus Malassezia restricta

Do E, Lee HG, Park M, Cho YJ, Kim DH, Park SH, Eun D, Park T, An S, Jung WH

Betaine derivatives are considered major ingredients of shampoos and are commonly used as antistatic and viscosity-increasing agents. Several studies have also suggested that betaine derivatives can be used as antimicrobial...
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Disseminated Cryptococcosis Incorrectly Managed: a Case Report

Maleb A, Hami A, Ben Lahlou Y, Lamrabat S, Rifai S, Rahmani N, Bensalah M, Frikh M, Lemnouer A, Elouennass M

Disseminated cryptococcosis is a rare fungal infection, which mainly occurs in immunocompromised patients, and the diagnosis is difficult. Therefore, it is less likely to be considered in immunocompetent patients. Here,...
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Mon1 Is Essential for Fungal Virulence and Stress Survival in Cryptococcus neoformans

Son YE, Jung WH, Oh SH, Kwak JH, Cardenas M, Park HS

Mon1 is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor subunit that activates the Ypt7 Rab GTPase and is essential for vacuole trafficking and autophagy in eukaryotic organisms. Here, we identified and characterized...
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Liquid-Based Cytology of the Cerebrospinal Fluid in a Case of Cryptococcal Meningitis

Choi J, Kim SH

Cryptococcus neoformans is the most common microorganism found in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology and causes life-threatening infections in immunocompromised hosts. Although its cytomorphologic features in conventional smear cytology have been...
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Trend of Bacteria and Fungi Isolated from Cerebrospinal Fluid Culture in a Tertiary Care Hospital During Recent Two Decades (1997-2016)

Lee SG, Kim M, Hwang GY, Yoo G, Uh Y

BACKGROUND: Meningitis is a clinically important disease because of its high mortality and morbidity. The epidemiology of this disease has changed remarkably due to the introduction of pneumococcal vaccines and...
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A Case of Disseminated Infection with Skin Manifestation due to Non-neoformans and Non-gattii Cryptococcus in a Patient with Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Park SS, Lee H, Park WS, Hwang SH, Choi SI, Choi MH, Lee SW, Ko EJ, Choi YJ, Eom HS

Cryptococcus spp. other than Cryptococcus neoformans or Cryptococcus gattii were previously considered saprophytes and thought to be non-pathogenic to humans. However, opportunistic infections associated with non-neoformans and non-gattii species, such...
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Comparison of the Bruker Biotyper and VITEK MS Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry Systems Using a Formic Acid Extraction Method to Identify Common and Uncommon Yeast Isolates

Lee HS, Shin JH, Choi MJ, Won EJ, Kee SJ, Kim SH, Shin MG, Suh SP

BACKGROUND: Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) allows rapid and accurate identification of clinical yeast isolates. In-tube formic acid/acetonitrile (FA/ACN) extraction is recommended prior to the analysis with...
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Genotypes of Clinical and Environmental Isolates of Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii in Korea

Park SH, Choi SC, Lee KW, Kim MN, Hwang SM

Multilocus sequence typing analysis was applied to determine the genotypes of 147 (137 clinical and 10 environmental) Cryptococcus neoformans and three clinical Cryptococcus gattii isolates from 1993 to 2014 in...
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Cryptococcus neoformans Cellulitis with Cryptococcemia in a Patient on Maintenance Hemodialysis

Jeong IW, Kim JE, Kim SH, Kim JH, Hong YA, Ko GJ, Kwon YJ

Cryptococcus neoformans is a fungus that causes opportunistic infections in immunocompromised hosts. Skin lesions are found in 10-20% of systemic cryptococcal infections, usually secondary to cryptococcemia, while primary cutaneous cryptococcosis...
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A Case of Primary Cutaneous Cryptococcosis Arising on the Abdomen and Review of the Literature

Park J, Cho YS, Kim DW, Woo SH, Yun SK, Kim HU

Primary cutaneous cryptococcosis is isolated cutaneous cryptococcosis without evidence of systemic involvement. It usually presents as a solitary nodule in an exposed area, such as head and neck or extremities,...
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Cryptococcal Brainstem Abscess Mimicking Brain Tumors in an Immunocompetent Patient

Hur JH, Kim JH, Park SW, Cho KG

Usually fungal infections caused by opportunistic and pathogenic fungi had been an important cause of morbidity and mortality among immunocompromised patients. However clinical data and investigations for immunocompetent pathogenic fungal...
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Mitochondrial Protein Nfu1 Influences Homeostasis of Essential Metals in the Human Fungal Pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans

Kim J, Park M, Do E, Jung WH

Mitochondrial protein Nfu1 plays an important role in the assembly of mitochondrial Fe-S clusters and intracellular iron homeostasis in the model yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this study, we identified the...
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Annual Report on External Quality Assessment Scheme in Clinical Microbiology in Korea (2013)

Ko YJ, Kim MN, Kim EC, Shin JH, Lee NY, Kim S, Jeong SH, Kim JS, Kim CK, Bae HG, Yoon NS, Joo SI, Hwang YY, Kim K, Jang IH, Heo J, Clinical Microbiology Subcommitte, The Korean Association of Quality Assurance for Clinical Laboratory

Annual external quality assessment was performed three times for clinical microbiology division of The Korean Association of Quality Assurance for Clinical Laboratory. For each trial, three sets composed of different...
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A Ferroxidase, Cfo1, Regulates Diverse Environmental Stress Responses of Cryptococcus neoformans through the HOG Pathway

Lee KT, Lee JW, Lee D, Jung WH, Bahn YS

  • KMID: 2312738
  • Mycobiology.
  • 2014 Jun;42(2):152-157.
The iron uptake and utilization pathways play a critical role in allowing human pathogens, including Cryptococcus neoformans, the causative agent of fatal meningoencephalitis, to survive within the mammalian body by...
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Cryptococcal meningitis in a patient with chronic hepatitis C treated with pegylated-interferon and ribavirin

Lee TH, Lee KO, Kim YS, Kim SM, Huh KC, Choi YW, Kang YW

Various adverse events have been reported during combination therapy with pegylated (PEG)-interferon-alpha and ribavirin, although opportunistic infections, especially cryptococcal meningitis, are very rare. A 61-year-old woman complained of headaches and...
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Molecular Epidemiology of Clinical Cryptococcus neoformans Isolates in Seoul, Korea

Park SH, Kim M, Joo SI, Hwang SM

  • KMID: 2312726
  • Mycobiology.
  • 2014 Mar;42(1):73-78.
Cryptococcal infection is primarily caused by two species, Cryptococcus neoformans and C. gattii. Between the two species, C. neoformans var. grubii is the major causative agent of cryptococcosis in Asia....
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A Nudix Hydrolase Protein, Ysa1, Regulates Oxidative Stress Response and Antifungal Drug Susceptibility in Cryptococcus neoformans

Lee KT, Kwon H, Lee D, Bahn YS

  • KMID: 2312723
  • Mycobiology.
  • 2014 Mar;42(1):52-58.
A nucleoside diphosphate-linked moiety X (Nudix) hydrolase-like gene, YSA1, has been identified as one of the gromwell plant extract-responsive genes in Cryptococcus neoformans. Ysa1 is known to control intracellular concentrations...
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A Case of Cryptococcal Myofascitis in a Patient with Iatrogenic Cushing's Syndrome

Jung JW, Jun MJ, Shin EH, Yang YJ, Cho HJ, Kim MN, Lee SO

The skin is the third most common site of cryptococcosis after infections of the central nervous system and lungs. However, cryptococcosis rarely involves deep soft tissue. Here, we report a...
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Primary Cutaneous Cryptococcosis in a Patient with Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Kim TW, Park SM, Moon JH, Song M, Kim HS, Kim BS, Kim MB, Ko HC

  • KMID: 1789720
  • Korean J Med Mycol.
  • 2013 Dec;18(4):111-116.
Cutaneous manifestation due to Cryptococcus neoformans is mostly reported in cases of the secondary findings to hematogenous dissemination while the primary cutaneous cryptococcosis (PCC) is a very rare. PCC usually...
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Disseminated Cryptococcosis with Cutaneous Manifestation in a Renal Transplant Recipient: A Case Report

Lee SK, Kim HS, Lee JG, Choi JM, Jung IS, Yhi JY, Hwang SW, Lee CH, Kwon OJ, Kang CM

Cryptococcosis commonly affects patients with immune dysfunction, as in the case of immunosuppression in organ transplant patients or as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in patients afflicted with human immunodeficiency virus. The...
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