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Changes in plasma lipoxin A4, resolvins and CD59 levels after ischemic and traumatic brain injuries in rats

Jung JS, Kho AR, Lee SH, Choi BY, Kang SH, Koh JY, Suh SW, Song DK

Ischemic and traumatic brain injuries are the major acute central nervous system disorders that need to be adequately diagnosed and treated. To find biomarkers for these acute brain injuries, plasma...
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History of Migraine and Volume of Brain Infarcts: The Italian Project on Stroke at Young Age (IPSYS)

Giuli VD, Besana M, Grassi M, Zedde M, Zini A, Lodigiani , Marcheselli S, Cavallini , Micieli G, Rasura M, DeLodovici ML, Tomelleri , Checcarelli N, Chiti A, Giorli E, Sette MD, Tancredi L, Toriello A, Braga M, Morotti A, Poli L, Caria F, Gamba M, Patella R, Spalloni A, Simone AM, Pascarella R, Beretta S, Fainardi E, Padovani A, Gasparotti R, Pezzini A, the Italian Project on Stroke in Young Adults (IPSYS) Investigators

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Migraine has been shown to increase cerebral excitability, promote rapid infarct expansion into tissue with perfusion deficits, and result in larger infarcts in animal models of focal...
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SYM 2081 Exerts Neuroprotective Effect Modulating Anti-Apoptosis in the Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury of Neonatal Rats

Park JK, Jang YY, Jeong JE, Lee EJ, Choi EJ, Chung HL, Kim WT

OBJECTIVE: SYM 2081 ((2S,4R)-4-methylglutamic acid), an agonist and functional antagonist of the kainite receptor, has shown a neuroprotective effect in neurodegenerative diseases in adults but little is known concerning perinatal...
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Dizziness after Traumatic Brain Injury: Neurological Aspects

Kim YS, Im SJ, Lee HS

Vertigo, dizziness, and disequilibrium are common symptoms following concussion or traumatic brain injury. Dizziness and vertigo may be the result of trauma to the peripheral vestibular system or the central...
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Does the Korean Rehabilitation Patient Grouping (KRPG) for Acquired Brain Injury and Related Functional Status Reflect the Medical Expenses in Rehabilitation Hospitals?

Lee HY, Lee JY, Kim TW

This study identified the explanatory power of the Korean rehabilitation patient group (KRPG) v1.1 for acquired brain injury (ABI) on medical expenses in the rehabilitation hospitals and the correlation of...
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Validation of the Japanese Version of the Quality of Life after Brain Injury (QOLIBRI) Scale

Suzuki M, Naito M, Ota K, von Wild K, Saitoh E, Kondo I

The goal of the present study was to test the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Quality of Life after Brain Injury (QOLIBRI) scale. Correlations between the...
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Optical coherence tomography angiography in preclinical neuroimaging

Choi WJ

Preclinical neuroimaging allows for the assessment of brain anatomy, connectivity, and function in laboratory animals, such as mice and this imaging field has been a rapidly growing aimed at bridging...
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Motor Skill Learning on the Ipsi-Lateral Upper Extremity to the Damaged Hemisphere in Stroke Patients

Son SM, Hwang YT, Nam SH, Kwon Y

PURPOSE: This study examined whether there is a difference in motor learning through short-term repetitive movement practice in stroke survivors with a unilateral brain injury compared to normal elderly participants. METHODS:...
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Paradoxical Motor and Cognitive Function Recovery in Response to Zolpidem in a Patient with Hypoxic-ischemic Brain Injury: A Case Report

Hahm MH, Woo J

We report an extremely rare case of a patient with hypoxic-ischemic brain injury who recovered consciousness and motor and cognitive functions due to paradoxical response after zolpidem administration. A 32-year-old...
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Differential Effects of Pentoxifylline on Learning and Memory Impairment Induced by Hypoxic-ischemic Brain Injury in Rats

Halis H, Bitiktaş , Baştuğ O, Tan B, Kavraal S, Güneş T, Süer C

OBJECTIVE: Hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury in the human perinatal period often leads to significant long-term neurobehavioral dysfunction in the cognitive and sensory-motor domains. Using a neonatal HI injury model (unilateral...
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Clinical Application of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in Neonates

Jeon GW

The incidence of cerebral palsy has not decreased despite advances in neonatal care. Preterm infants are at a high risk of cerebral palsy. Moreover, preterm infants might experience permanent neurological...
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A Patient with the Disrupted Sleep-Wake Rhythm after Traumatic Brain Injury

Kim E, Kim S, Lee JH

Many patients with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience a range of sleep problems. Although some studies investigated the pathophysiology of sleep-wake cycle disturbances in TBI patients, it has not...
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Clinical Significance of Asymmetric Minimum Intensity Projection Images of Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Children

Kim HS, Kim SJ, Kong YH

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The susceptibility-weighted imaging form of brain MRI using minimum intensity projection (mIP) is useful for assessing traumatic brain injuries because it readily reveals deoxyhemoglobin or paramagnetic compounds....
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Ipsilateral Hemiparesis Following Epidural Hematoma in a Patient With Traumatic Brain Injury

Jang SH, Seo YS

No abstract available.
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New prehospital scoring system for traumatic brain injury to predict mortality and severe disability using motor Glasgow Coma Scale, hypotension, and hypoxia: a nationwide observational study

Gang MC, Hong KJ, Shin SD, Song KJ, Ro YS, Kim TH, Park JH, Jeong J

OBJECTIVE: Assessing the severity of injury and predicting outcomes are essential in traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the respiratory rate and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of the Revised Trauma Score...
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Exploratory, cognitive, and depressive-like behaviors in adult and pediatric mice exposed to controlled cortical impact

Lee SW, Jang MS, Jeong SH, Kim H

OBJECTIVE: Sequelae of behavioral impairments associated with human traumatic brain injury (TBI) include neurobehavioral problems. We compared exploratory, cognitive, and depressive-like behaviors in pediatric and adult male mice exposed to...
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Trends in demographics and outcome of patients presenting with traumatic brain injury

Kadar R, Rochford D, Omi E, Thomas Y, Patel K, Kulstad E

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the trends in demographics and outcomes of patients presenting with traumatic brain injury by performing a retrospective database review of the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH)...
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Assessment and management of coagulopathy in neurocritical care

Salem AM, Roh D, Kitagawa R, Choi HA, Chang TR

Coagulopathy may be defined as the loss of balance between hemostatic and fibrinolytic processes resulting in excessive bleeding, intravascular thrombosis or abnormalities in coagulation testing. It is frequently encountered across...
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Dizziness in Traumatic Brain Injury: Visual-Vestibular Dysfunction, Neurotological Approach

Jeong SH

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) could give rise to variable clinical manifestations based on the involved structures of our bodies. Although there are no structural abnormalities proven, the patients with mild...
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Restoration of the Fronto-Orbital Buttress with Primary Bone Fragments

Kim YH, Kang DH

OBJECTIVE: Forehead deformities are often caused by lack of treatment or incorrect restoration of the frontal buttress, so the underlying frontal buttress should be restored to its previous position to...
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