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Anti-Inflammatory Effect for Atherosclerosis Progression by Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) Inhibitor in a Normoglycemic Rabbit Model

Lee SG, Lee SJ, Lee JJ, Kim JS, Lee OH, Kim CK, Kim D, Lee YH, Oh J, Park S, Jeon OH, Hong SJ, Ahn CM, Kim BK, Ko YG, Choi D, Hong MK, Jang Y

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate an anti-atherosclerotic and anti-inflammatory effect of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors in normoglycemic atherosclerotic rabbit model. METHODS: Male New Zealand white rabbits (n=26) were fed...
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Associations of Perirenal Fat Thickness with Renal and Systemic Calcified Atherosclerosis

Koo BK, Denenberg , Wright CM, Criqui MH, Allison MA

BACKGROUND: We investigated associations between perirenal fat thickness and atherosclerotic calcification in six different vascular beds. METHODS: Using a community-based cohort (n=3,919), perirenal fat thickness was estimated from computed tomography scans....
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Prevalence and Current Management of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Korean Adults Based on Fact Sheets

Rhee EJ

Korea is currently an aged society and is on the cusp of becoming a superaged society in a few years. The health burden of cardiovascular diseases increases with age, and...
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Novel Associations between Related Proteins and Cellular Effects of High-Density Lipoprotein

Choi S, Park YE, Cheon EJ, Kim KY, Kim M, Ann SJ, Noh HM, Lee J, Lee CJ, Lee ST, Lee C, Lee JE, Lee SH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have examined the structure-function relationship of high-density lipoprotein (HDL). This study aimed to identify and rank HDL-associated proteins involved in several biological function of HDL. METHODS:...
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Association Between Serum Bilirubin and the Progression of Carotid Atherosclerosis in Type 2 Diabetes

Lee I, Lee HH, Cho Y, Choi YJ, Huh BW, Lee BW, Kang ES, Park SW, Cha BS, Lee EJ, Lee YH, Huh KB

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether serum bilirubin levels can predict the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This observational study included 1,381 subjects with...
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Curcumin Attenuates Acrolein-induced COX-2 Expression and Prostaglandin Production in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells

Lee SE, Park HR, Jeon S, Han D, Park YS

OBJECTIVE: Inflammation is crucial to limiting vascular disease. Previously we reported that acrolein, a known toxin in tobacco smoke, might play an important role in the progression of atherosclerosis via...
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Efficacy and Safety of High-Dose Atorvastatin in Moderate-to-High Cardiovascular Risk Postmenopausal Korean Women with Dyslipidemia

Moon J, Yoo S, Koh G, Min KW, Shin HH

OBJECTIVE: Postmenopausal women show a more atherogenic lipid profile and elevated cardiovascular risk compared to premenopausal women. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of...
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Select Macrophage Noncoding RNAs of Interest in Cardiovascular Disease

Enchill Z, Lantz C, Thorp EB

Cardiovascular disease remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Aspects of disease severity that are associated with heightened inflammation, such as during atherosclerosis or after myocardial infarction, are...
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Canonical Transient Receptor Potential Channels and Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Plasticity

Nishida M, Tanaka T, Mangmool S, Nishiyama , Nishimura

Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) play a pivotal role in the stability and tonic regulation of vascular homeostasis. VSMCs can switch back and forth between highly proliferative (synthetic) and fully...
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Effects of Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase on Stroke Occurrence Mediated by Atrial Fibrillation

Yang W, Kang DW, Lee SH

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) is reported to be associated with stroke independently of the conventional risk factors. However, the underlying mechanism remains to be identified. This study focused...
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Plasma Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 Concentration Is Associated with Intracranial Cerebral Atherosclerosis in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients

Chang Y, Kim J, Woo HG, Ryu DR, Oh HJ, Song TJ

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is associated with atherosclerosis via nitric-oxide-associated endothelial dysfunction and calcium-phosphate-related bone mineralization. This study aimed to determine the association of the plasma...
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Regression of asymptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis by aggressive medical management with a lipid-lowering agent

Kim BS, Lim JS, Jeong JU, Mun JH, Kim SH

OBJECTIVE: The incidence rate of stroke as a result of intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) is higher in Asian countries than in the West. We aimed to analyze the regression, lack...
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Penetrating Atherosclerotic Ulcers of the Abdominal Aorta: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Kotsis T, Spyropoulos BG, Asaloumidis N, Christoforou P, Katseni K, Papaconstantinou I

Penetrating atherosclerotic ulcers (PAUs) of the aorta are defined as atherosclerotic lesions with aortic intima and media ulceration, which may lead to a complete rupture of the adventitial wall. The...
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Anti-malarial Drugs Reduce Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation via Activation of AMPK and Inhibition of Smad3 Signaling

Lee H, Han JH, Kim S, Kim S, Cho DH, Woo CH

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 2 anti-malarial drugs, chloroquine (CQ) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), on inhibition of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation both...
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Analysis of ¹⁸F-Fluorodeoxyglucose and ¹⁸F-Fluoride Positron Emission Tomography in Korean Stroke Patients with Carotid Atherosclerosis

Kim JM, Lee ES, Park KY, Seok JW, Kwon OS

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze uptake patterns and intensity of ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and ¹⁸F-sodium fluoride (NaF) radioligands in carotid atheroma among stroke patients according to carotid...
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Nutritional Therapy for Asian Patients at Risk for Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease

Lim H, Kim J, Kim DY

The burden of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) remains high worldwide, and its prevalence has increased in Asian countries over the last two decades. The increase in ASCVD may arise from...
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Single Cell RNA-Sequencing for the Study of Atherosclerosis

Hajkarim M, Won KJ

Atherosclerosis is a major cause of coronary artery disease and stroke. A massive and new type of data has finally arrived in the field of atherosclerosis: single cell RNA sequencing...
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Metabolic Syndrome in Adult Congenital Heart Disease

Niwa K

In adult congenital heart disease (ACHD), residua and sequellae after initial repair develop late complications such as cardiac failure, arrhythmias, thrombosis, aortopathy, pulmonary hypertension and others. Acquired lesions with aging...
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Colonic hypoperfusion following ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery in rectosigmoid colon cancer patients

Son GM, Kim TU, Park BS, Jung HJ, Lee SS, Yoon JU, Lee JW

PURPOSE: Colon perfusion status is one of the most important factors for the determination of postoperative anastomotic complications. Colonic hypoperfusion can be induced by inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) ligation in...
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Carpinus turczaninowii extract modulates arterial inflammatory response: a potential therapeutic use for atherosclerosis

Son YK, Yoon SR, Bang WY, Bae CH, Yeo JH, Yeo R, An J, Song J, Kim OY

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vascular inflammation is an important feature in the atherosclerotic process. Recent studies report that leaves and branches of Carpinus turczaninowii (C. turczaninowii) have antioxidant capacity and exert anti-inflammatory effects....
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