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Effects of Indoor Air Purifiers on Children with Asthma

Lee GH, Kim JH, Kim S, Lee S, Lim DH

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of air purifiers on the concentrations of indoor air pollutants and on asthma control in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized crossover trial, daily use...
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Asia Pacific Association of Allergy Asthma and Clinical Immunology White Paper 2020 on climate change, air pollution, and biodiversity in Asia-Pacific and impact on allergic diseases

Pawankar R, Wang JY, Wang IJ, Thien F, Chang YS, Latiff AH, Fujisawa T, Zhang L, Thong BY, Chatchatee P, Leung TF, Kamchaisatian W, Rengganis , Yoon HJ, Munkhbayarlakh S, Recto MT, Neo AG, Le Pham D, Lan LT, Davies JM, Oh JW

Air pollution, climate change, and reduced biodiversity are major threats to human health with detrimental effects on a variety of chronic noncommunicable diseases in particular respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. The...
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Association between in vitro fertilization success rate and ambient air pollution: a possible explanation of within-year variation of in vitro fertilization success rate

Kang J, Lee JY, Song H, Shin SJ, Kim J

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patterns in air pollution concentrations and in vitro fertilization (IVF) success rates using data from a large, long-term clinical database. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study investigating...
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Epigenetic Changes in Asthma: Role of DNA CpG Methylation

Bae DJ, Jun JA, Chang HS, Park JS, Park CS

For the past three decades, more than a thousand of genetic studies have been performed to find out the genetic variants responsible for the risk of asthma. Until now, all...
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The Effects of Air Pollutants on the Prevalence of Common Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases in South Korea: A National Population-Based Study

Park M, Lee JS, Park MK

OBJECTIVES: The effects of air pollutants on upper airway disease development have been seldom studied. In this study, we evaluated the effects of air pollution on the prevalence of ENT...
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The Association between Land Use Rate and Low Birth Weight Rate in Seoul: Ecological Study

Kwag Y, Oh J, Kim MH, Ye S, Ha EH

PURPOSE: This paper is based on an ecological study. From 2008 to 2014, we identified the differences in the Low Birth Weight (LBW) rate according to land use rate among...
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Current State of Research on the Risk of Morbidity and Mortality Associated with Air Pollution in Korea

Bae S, Kwon HJ

PURPOSE: The effects of air pollution on health can vary regionally. Our goal was to comprehensively review previous epidemiological studies on air pollution and health conducted in Korea to identify...
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Biomonitoring of concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in blood and urine of children at playgrounds within Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria

Wirnkor VA, Ngozi VE, Ajero CM, Charity LK, Ngozi OS, Ebere EC, Emeka AC

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) exposure is among the leading air pollutants associated with diverse adverse health effects due to their persistent, bio-accumulative and toxic characteristics. Children are most affected by...
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Air Pollutants and Frailty in Older Adults: A Geriatrician's Perspective

Lee H, Lee E, Jang IY

No abstract available.
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Elderly Mortality and Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter and Ozone

Jung EJ, Na W, Lee KE, Jang JY

BACKGROUND: The effects on particulate matter (PM) and ozone on health are being reported by a number of studies. The effects of these air pollutants are likely to be stronger...
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Associations of Ambient Air Pollutant Concentrations With Respiratory Symptoms and Perceived Health Status in Japanese Adults With and Without Chronic Respiratory Diseases: A Panel Study

Nakao M, Yamauchi K, Mitsuma S, Odaira T, Obata H, Chijimatsu Y, Ishihara Y

OBJECTIVES: In recent years, transboundary air pollution from mainland East Asia has led to growing concerns about air pollution in Japan. Air pollution is reportedly associated with the exacerbation of...
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A study on the correlation between outbreak of allergic rhinitis and airborne pollen in September

Kim JS, So HJ, Kim JH, Lim DH

PURPOSE: Various studies have investigated factors related to the prevalence of allergic rhinitis (AR). We studied the correlation between the outbreaks of AR and airborne pollen in September. METHODS: According to...
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Modifiable prenatal environmental factors for the prevention of childhood asthma

Kim HB

The prevalence of asthma in children is increasing worldwide, yet risk factors for the development of asthma is unclear. Evidence to date indicates that environmental factors are the main reason...
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Correlation of respiratory syncytial virus infection with climate parameters and air pollution levels in Korean children during 2005–2012

Jung JH, Chu SY, Kim JY, Han TH, Park SH, Chung JY, Kim HB

PURPOSE: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the major cause of acute lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) in infants and children. We investigated the association of meteorological conditions and air pollution...
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Relation of allergic rhinitis, allergen sensitization, and air pollutants in preschool children

Kim YJ, Yoon SA, Woo SI

PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the prevalence and allergen sensitization of allergic rhinitis (AR) in preschool children. We assessed the relationship of AR, allergen sensitization, and air pollutants. METHODS: Between 2012...
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Investigating air quality status and air pollutant trends over the Metropolitan Area of Tehran, Iran over the past decade between 2005 and 2014

Jamaati H, Attarchi M, Hassani S, Farid E, Seyedmehdi SM, Pormehr PS

Studies on the trend of air pollution in Tehran, Iran, as one of the most polluted metropolis in the world are scant, and today Tehran is known for its high...
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Prevalence of Multiple Sclerosis in a Turkish City Bordering an Iron and Steel Factory

Börü UT, Bilgiç AB, Köseoğlu Toksoy C, Yılmaz AY, Tasdemir M, Sensöz NP, Öztop Çakmak O, Duman A, Bölük C

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammatory demyelination. Recent studies have shown that long-term exposure to air pollutants (including PM10 particulates) is potentially an...
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Evaluation of Respiratory Protection Program in Petrochemical Industries: Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process

Kolahi H, Jahangiri , Ghaem H, Rostamabadi A, Aghabeigi , Farhadi P, Kamalinia

BACKGROUND: Respiratory protection equipment (RPE) is the last resort to control exposure to workplace air pollutants. A comprehensive respiratory protection program (RPP) ensures that RPE is selected, used, and cared...
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Air pollution and climate change: Effects on asthmatic patients

Park HK

Along with increases in global warming and air pollution, increased asthma prevalence has been reported in most Westernized regions. Air pollutants enhance IgE-mediated response to aeroallergens and increased airway inflammation....
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Effect of regional climatic conditions, air pollutants, and season on the occurrence and severity of injury in trauma patients

Kim YM, Yu GG, Shin HJ, Lee SW, Park JS, Kim H

OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the association between regional weather and temporal changes on the daily occurrence of trauma emergencies and their severity. METHODS: In this cross-sectional prospective study, we investigated daily atmospheric...
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