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Approximation of bicarbonate concentration using serum total carbon dioxide concentration in patients with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease

Hirai K, Minato S, Kaneko S, Yanai K, Ishii H, Kitano T, Shindo M, Miyazawa H, Ito K, Ueda Y, Kaku Y, Hoshino T, Watano T, Fujino S, Ookawara S, Omoto K, Morishita

BACKGROUND: We investigated the relationship between serum total carbon dioxide (CO₂) and bicarbonate ion (HCO₃⁻) concentrations in pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and devised a formula for predicting low...
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A Rare Cause of Life-Threatening Ketoacidosis: Novel Compound Heterozygous OXCT1 Mutations Causing Succinyl-CoA:3-Ketoacid CoA Transferase Deficiency

Kim YA, Kim SH, Cheon CK, Kim YM

Succinyl-CoA:3-ketoacid CoA transferase (SCOT) deficiency is a rare inborn error of ketone body utilization, characterized by episodic or permanent ketosis. SCOT deficiency is caused by mutations in the OXCT1 gene,...
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Serum markers and development of delayed neuropsychological sequelae after acute carbon monoxide poisoning: anion gap, lactate, osmolarity, S100B protein, and interleukin-6

Kim H, Choi S, Park E, Yoon E, Min Y, Lampotang

OBJECTIVE: Reliable biomarkers of delayed neuropsychological sequelae (DNS) after acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning are lacking. This study investigated the associations between potential serum markers and the development of DNS...
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Effects of Heated-Humidified Anesthetic Gas in the Elderly Patients with Colorectal Cancer during Laparoscopic Surgery: Randomized Controlled Trial

Park HS, Kang Y

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate effects of heated-humidified anesthetic gas on body temperature, acid-base balance, blood cortisol, and lymphocyte in the elderly patients with colorectal cancer during laparoscopic surgery. METHODS:...
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Assessment of the Value of the Umbilical Cord Blood Gas Parameter as Indicator of the Neonatal Condition

Lee JM, Shin HB, Choi YB, Lee NM, Yi DY, Yun SW, Chae SA, Lim IS

OBJECTIVE: Umbilical cord blood gas analysis has widely been used to objectively evaluate the medical condition of newborn. Because umbilical cord blood gas analysis enables an immediate assessment of the...
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Renal Tubular Acidosis in Patients with Primary Sjögren's Syndrome

Jung SW, Park EJ, Kim JS, Lee TW, Ihm CG, Lee SH, Moon JY, Kim YG, Jeong KH

Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the exocrine glands resulting in decreased saliva and tear production. It uncommonly involves the kidneys in various forms, including tubulointerstitial...
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An Analysis between Pre- and Post-exercise of the Respiratory and Metabolic State for the Acute and Subacute Stroke Patients

Kim H, Cheon JH, Lim NN, Cho YK, Lee SH, Lee HK, Lee DY

To evaluate oxygenation and metabolic state of the non-brainstem stroke patients after the moderate intensity exercise using arterial blood gas analysis (ABGA). Fifty-two stroke patients were recruited. All the subjects...
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A Case of Lactate Containing Peritoneal Dialysis Solution Induced Lactic Acidosis Corrected by Changing to Hemodialysis

Kim EB, Kim KS, Lee SM, Son YK, Kim SE, An WS

Elevated lactate levels are associated with acute illnesses, and the mortality is high. Here, we report a case of lactate-containing peritoneal dialysis (PD) solution inducing lactic acidosis corrected by changing...
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Effects of 37℃ Carbon Dioxide Pneumoperitoneum on Core Body Temperature, Systolic Blood Pressure, Heart Rate and Acid-Base Balance: A Randomized Double-blind Controlled Trial

Park JI, Yoon H

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of 21℃ CO₂ and 37℃ CO₂ pneumoperitoneum on body temperature, blood pressure, heart rate, and acid-base balance. METHODS: Data were...
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Fulminant Type 1 Diabetes Developing during Pregnancy in Patient with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Baek JH, Kim KY, Kim SK, Jung JH, Hahm JR, Jung J

A 32-year-old pregnant woman (34 + 5 weeks) was admitted with dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. Previously, she was diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus at 28 weeks with 100 g-OGTT and...
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Decrease in spectral entropy by low tidal volume ventilation-associated severe hypercapnia: a case report

Ann J, Jung SM, Park SJ

Severe hypercapnia can be predicted by a decrease in cerebral electrical activity. The authors describe a sudden decrease in spectral entropy due to severe hypercapnia-induced respiratory acidosis in a patient...
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Methanol-Induced Encephalopathy: a Case Report

Kim HJ, Sunwoo MK, Lee JH, Choi YS, Kim DY

A characteristic imaging finding in cases of methanol intoxication is putaminal necrosis, but its presence is usually not suspected due to its rarity. Methanol intoxication generally produces serious neurological symptoms...
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A Rare Cause of Recurrent Acute Pancreatitis in a Child: Isovaleric Acidemia with Novel Mutation

Sag E, Cebi AH, Kaya G, Karaguzel , Cakir M

Recurrent acute pancreatic attacks is a rare clinical condition (2-5% of all acute pancreatis) in children and is mainly idiopathic in most cases. Sometimes it may be associated with congenital...
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Extracorporeal Therapy as a Treatment Method in Patients with Acute Ethylene Glycol Poisoning

Song JW, Choi SC, Lampotang , Min YG, Joung YS

PURPOSE: Extracorporeal treatment has been used increasingly to treat patients with acute ethylene glycol poisoning. We analyzed all patients with acute poisoning of ethylene glycol during a recent 10-year period...
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Renal intercalated cells and blood pressure regulation

Wall SM

Type B and non-A, non-B intercalated cells are found within the connecting tubule and the cortical collecting duct. Of these cell types, type B intercalated cells are known to mediate...
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A Case of Ethylene Glycol intoxication with Acute Renal Injury: Successful Recovery by Fomepizole and Renal Replacement Therapy

Song CH, Bae HJ, Ham YR, Na KR, Lee KW, Choi DE

Ethylene glycol is a widely used and readily available substance. Ethylene glycol ingestion does not cause direct toxicity; however, its metabolites are highly toxic and can be fatal even in...
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The Anion Gap is a Predictive Clinical Marker for Death in Patients with Acute Pesticide Intoxication

Lee SH, Park S, Lee JW, Hwang IW, Moon HJ, Kim KH, Park SY, Gil HW, Hong SY

Pesticide formulation includes solvents (methanol and xylene) and antifreeze (ethylene glycol) whose metabolites are anions such as formic acid, hippuric acid, and oxalate. However, the effect of the anion gap...
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A Case of Methanol Poisoning Treated with Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy: The Serial Measurements of Serum Methanol Concentrations in Methanol Poisoning

Yang HJ, Chae SW, Noh SO, Chung YJ, Oh SS, Choi MR, Lee JW, Choi MW, Yoon HJ, Sun IO, Lee KY

Methanol poisoning is a medical emergency that requires rapid elimination of the toxin and its metabolites for recovery. The danger of methanol results from the accumulation of its toxic metabolite...
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Polyethylene Glycol (PEG-3350, Colyte) Poisoning due to Intra-Peritoneal Leakage in an Elderly Patient

Chung JH, Kim SC, Kim JG

Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-3350 is the most frequently used lavage solution for bowel cleansing prior to colonoscopy or elective surgery because its large molecular weight means that it is poorly absorbed....
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The Effects of Normal Saline Solution versus Hartmann's Solution on the Acid-base and Electrolytes Status and Renal Function after Kidney Transplantation

Kim MY, Jeon NY, Hyun SK, Kim HT, Cho WH, Park UJ

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effects of fluid on the acid-base and electrolytes status and renal function after kidney transplantation (KT). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 103...
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