Exp Mol Med.  2004 Feb;36(1):93-97.

Kinesin superfamily protein member 4 (KIF4) is localized to midzone and midbody in dividing cells

Affiliations
  • 1Institute for Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Ajou University, Suwon 442-749, South Korea. wkim@ajou.ac.kr

Abstract

In association with microtubules, a variety of kinesins play important roles in cellular functions such as intracellular transport of organelles or vesicles, signal transduction, and cell division. In a previous study we revealed that human kinesin superfamily protein member 4 (KIF4) is a chromokinesin that binds to chromosomes. Since localization of several kinds of kinesin at midzone called central spindle, or midbody that connects two daughter cells, or both, suggests their implication in cell division, we investigated KIF4 localization of during mitosis and cytokinesis in Hela cells. In addition to association with segregating chromosomes through entire mitosis, it also localized to the midzone and to midbody at ana/telophase through cytokinesis. Especially in cells at cytokinesis, KIF4 appeared as a doublet facing each other at the apical ends of two daughter cells. Three- dimensional analysis of architectural relationship between microtubule bundles and KIF4 indicated that KIF4 forms a ring structure wrapping around the microtubule bundles. These results suggest that KIF4 is involved in cytokinesis, although direct evidence was not provided in this study.

Keyword

cell division; chromosome; kinesin; mitosis; segregation; structure
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