J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2023 May;30(2):281-291. 10.7739/jkafn.2022.30.2.281.

Effects of Job Crafting, Burnout, and Job Satisfaction on Nurses' Turnover Intention: A Path Analysis


This study investigated the direct and indirect effects of factors related to nurses' turnover intention.
The study included 212 nurses working at three university hospitals in Korea. The collected data were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis, correlation analysis, and path analysis.
Promotion-focused job crafting had direct effects on burnout (β=-.32, p=.001) and job satisfaction (β=.18, p=.008). Promotion-focused job crafting had an indirect effect on job satisfaction via burnout (β=.13, p<.001). For turnover intention, promotion-focused job crafting had an indirect effect (β=-.18, p=.001) mediated by burnout and job satisfaction. Job satisfaction had a direct effect on turnover intention (β=-.26, p=.001). Additionally, burnout affected turnover intention, both directly (β=.32, p=.001) and indirectly (β=.10, p=.001), mediated by job satisfaction. Finally, promotion-focused job crafting had a dual mediation effect on turnover intention through burnout and job satisfaction (effect=-0.02, p<.001). Including the indirect effect of promotion job crafting, the explanatory power of job satisfaction and burnout on turnover intention was about 25%.
Based on the results of this study, the strategy of reducing burnout by strengthening nurses' promotion-focused job crafting and lowering turnover intention by increasing job satisfaction can have a positive effect on organizational performance.

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