Asian Spine J.  2023 Feb;17(1):47-60. 10.31616/asj.2021.0460.

Comparison of Korean Body Image Questionnaires in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Good Samsun Hospital, Busan, Korea
  • 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Biomedical Research Institute, Busan National University Hospital, Busan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea


Study Design: A prospective study. Purpose: To obtain the results of four body image questionnaires analyzed for validity in Korean and compare them to radiographic findings and quality of life scores. Overview of Literature: Each of the four body image questionnaires has been studied, but comparative studies of each other are rare.
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients ages 10 to 19 years completed the Korean version of the Quality of Life Profile for Spinal Deformities (K-QLPSD), the Scoliosis Research Society-22 self-image subscale (K-SRS-22-si), Korean version of the Spinal Appearance Questionnaire (K-SAQ), Korean version of the Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire-Scoliosis (K-BIDQ-S), and Korean version of the Italian Spine Youth Quality of Life (K-ISYQOL). Four body image questionnaires were compared with K-ISYQOL and radiographic major curve magnitude, coronal balance, and sagittal balance. Spearman’s correlation was performed to compare the four body image questionnaires.
The study included 84 AIS patients, with a mean age of 12.6 years and a major Cobb angle of 29.4°. The four surveys were correlated with major curve magnitude and K-ISYQOL. K-SAQ and K-BIDQ-S were correlated better than K-QLPSD, and K-SRS-22-si was correlated with K-ISYQOL. The four surveys were moderately correlated with major curve magnitude, but there was no correlation with age, coronal balance, and sagittal balance.
K-SAQ and K-BIDQ-S correlate better with K-ISYQOL than K-QLPSD and K-SRS-22-si.


Spinal Appearance Questionnaire; Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire-Scoliosis; Italian Spine Youth Quality of Life; Body image; Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
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