J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent.  2022 May;49(2):158-169. 10.5933/JKAPD.2022.49.2.158.

A Retrospective Study on the Treatment of Dens Evaginatus for the Last 5 Years

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze treatment methods, results, timings and clinical signs and symptoms in failed cases of each treatment method of dens evaginatus on the premolar areas. In this study, 151 patients and 417 teeth were included. Resin restoration and direct pulp capping as preventive treatment and pulp revascularization, apexification and conventional endodontic treatment as endodontic treatment were included for treatment methods. In the preventive resin restoration, successful results were shown in the intact tubercles and also effective when the tubercles were fractured. In the direct pulp capping, resolved clinical symptoms and growth of the roots were shown when there was only pain during chewing without apical lesion. Apical lesion was the most common pretreatment signs and symptoms of the pulp revascularization, apexification and conventional endodontic treatment. In the pulp revascularization, successful results was obtained in most cases. But in some cases, root length or root wall thickness was not increased. Effective results were shown both of the apexification and conventional endodontic treatment. In order to increase success rate of preventive treatment of dens evaginatus, resin restoration was required to be done when tubercle did not occluded or in the presence of intact tubercles. When tubercle was fractured, root development stage and pulp condition should be considered for successful treatment.

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