J Korean Acad Soc Nurs Educ.  2021 Aug;27(3):261-273. 10.5977/jkasne.2021.27.3.261.

Analysis of the educational needs of nurses in the neonatal intensive care unit for developmental supportive care

Affiliations
  • 1Doctoral Student, College of Nursing, Seoul National University
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing·The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University

Abstract

Purpose
This study used a descriptive investigative design to identify educational needs for developmental supportive care for the purpose of establishing a developmental supportive care education program for nurses in neonatal intensive care units.
Methods
A survey was conducted on 93 nurses working in neonatal intensive care units located in a metropolitan area, and the collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and a paired t-test with the SPSS 25.0 program. For the purpose of analyzing educational needs, we further analyzed data through an importance-performance analysis (IPA) and the Borich needs assessment and the locus for focus models.
Results
The average importance of the developmental supportive care of nurses in neonatal intensive care units was 3.74±0.78 out of 5, and the average performance was 3.46±0.81 out of 5. A t-test on the difference between the IPA and Borich needs assessment showed the highest educational need in the categories of ‘individualized care’, and ‘I serve on the Developmental Care Committee at my institution’. In addition, according to the results of deriving the priorities of educational needs using the Borich needs assessment and the locus for focus model, the highest priority was ‘I provide appropriate pain management when noxious procedures are necessary’.
Conclusion
These findings can be used as basic data to design a developmental supportive care program suitable for nurses in neonatal intensive care units to meet the educational needs for developmental supportive care.

Keyword

Intensive care units, Neonatal, Premature birth, Needs assessment, Growth and development; 집중치료실, 신생아, 미숙아, 교육요구도, 성장과 발달
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