J Adv Prosthodont.  2021 Aug;13(4):216-225. 10.4047/jap.2021.13.4.216.

An evaluation of the stress effect of different occlusion concepts on hybrid abutment and implant supported monolithic zirconia fixed prosthesis: A finite element analysis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of canine guidance occlusion and group function occlusion on the degree of stress to the bone, implants, abutments, and crowns using finite element analysis (FEA).
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This study included the implant-prosthesis system of a three-unit bridge made of monolithic zirconia and hybrid abutments. Threedimensional (3D) models of a bone-level implant system and a titanium base abutment were created using the original implant components. Two titanium implants, measuring 4 × 11 mm each, were selected. The loads were applied in two oblique directions of 15º and 30º under two occlusal movement conditions. In the canine guidance condition, loads (100 N) were applied to the canine crown only. In the group function condition, loads were applied to all three teeth. In this loading, a force of 100 N was applied to the canine, and 200-N forces were applied to each premolar. The stress distribution among all the components of the implant-bridge system was assessed using ANSYS SpaceClaim 2020 R2 software and finite element analysis.
RESULTS
Maximum stress was found in the group function occlusion. The maximum stress increased with an increase in the angle of occlusal force.
CONCLUSION
The canine guidance occlusion with monolithic zirconia crown materials is promising for implant-supported prostheses in the canine and premolar areas.

Keyword

Canine guidance occlusion; Finite element analysis; Group function occlusion; Hybrid abutments; Monolithic zirconia
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