Neurointervention.  2021 Jul;16(2):132-140. 10.5469/neuroint.2021.00185.

Microcatheter Stabilization Technique Using Partially Inflated Balloon for Coil Embolization of Paraclinoid Aneurysms

Affiliations
  • 1Neurointervention Clinic, Department of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Department, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al-Khobar City, Saudi Arabia
  • 3Neurovascular Division National Brain Center Prof. Dr. Mahar Mardjono Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia

Abstract

Purpose
Coil embolization of paraclinoid aneurysms should be simple, safe, and effective considering the benign nature of the aneurysm. Here, we present a microcatheter stabilization technique using a partially inflated balloon for the treatment of paraclinoid aneurysms.
Materials and Methods
This retrospective study included 58 patients who underwent balloon-assisted coiling (BAC) for unruptured paraclinoid aneurysms at a tertiary neuro-intervention center between January 2019 and March 2020. We applied a technique to stabilize the microcatheter’s position using the modified BAC technique in paraclinoid aneurysms showing various projections around the ophthalmic curve of the internal carotid artery. The basic concept of the technique is to place a partially inflated balloon just distal to the aneurysm neck and support the distal curve of the microcatheter using the proximal bottom of the balloon. Immediate radiological outcomes were analyzed, and clinical outcomes were evaluated with modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores.
Results
The BAC was successfully performed in 51 of 58 patients (88%). We treated the remaining seven patients by switching to stent-assisted coiling. We obtained a 37% mean packing density resulting in favorable occlusion in all 58 aneurysms (complete occlusion in 35 and residual neck in 23). There were no intraprocedural thromboembolic or hemorrhagic events except one that revealed an asymptomatic infarction after the procedure (1.7%). Magnetic resonance angiography follow-up was performed in 37 patients at an average of 11.8 months, in which 11 minor recurrences (29.7%) were found. There was no major recurrence nor retreatment. The mRS score was 0 in all patients during a mean follow-up of 17.7 months (range, 12–25 months).
Conclusion
The modified balloon-assisted coiling technique using a partially inflated balloon was safe and effective and could serve as an option for treating paraclinoid aneurysms.

Keyword

Intracranial aneurysm; Embolization, therapeutic; Procedures and techniques utilization
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