Neurointervention.  2021 Jul;16(2):117-121. 10.5469/neuroint.2021.00024.

Prevalence of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms: A Single Center Experience Using 3T Brain MR Angiography

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Neurology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Department of Neurosurgery, Chosun University Hospital, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea
  • 4Department of Radiology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs), which can help establish guidelines of treatment for asymptomatic Korean adults using 3T magnetic resonance angiography (MRA).
Materials and Methods
Our Institutional Review Board approved this retrospective study, and informed consent was waived. All patients consisted of healthy individuals who underwent brain MRA using 3T magnetic resonance imaging between January 2011 and December 2012 as part of a routine health examination. Patient data and follow-up results were obtained from medical records.
Results
A total of 2,118 individuals (mean age=53.9±9.6 years, male:female=1,188:930) who had undergone brain MRA were enrolled in the study. UIAs were found in 80 patients with 105 UIAs (3.77%). Female predominance (55% in UIA vs. 43.47% in non-UIA, P=0.0416) and hypertension were more common in the UIA group (43.75% vs. 28.8%, P=0.004, respectively). The mean size of the aneurysms was 3.10±1.62 mm, and they were all saccular in shape and asymptomatic. The UIAs were most common in the internal carotid artery (59.1%), internal carotid-posterior communicating artery (15.2%), middle cerebral artery (9.5%), anterior communicating artery (8.6%), anterior cerebral artery (4.8%), and vertebral artery (2.9%). Twenty-eight of 80 patients (35%) had multiple aneurysms. The incidence of UIAs increased significantly with age (P=0.014).
Conclusion
In single center experience, we demonstrated the characteristics and prevalence of UIAs in asymptomatic adults, which may help establish guidelines or therapeutic standards for UIAs.

Keyword

Intracranial aneurysm; Magnetic resonance angiography; Cross-sectional study; Prevalence
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