J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2021 Jun;45(2):82-86. 10.11149/jkaoh.2021.45.2.82.

Influences of presenteeism of clinical dental hygienists

Affiliations
  • 1Korea Dental Hospital, Cheonan, Korea
  • 2Department of Dental Hygiene, Daejeon Health Institute of Technology, Daejeon, Korea

Abstract


Objectives
The aim of this study was to measure the presentism, intention of employment, selfefficacy, degree of exhaustion, and factors affecting presentism of clinical dental hygienists for use as basic data when developing measures to address presentism.
Methods
A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 210 clinical dental hygienists from April 1 to June 30, 2020. Data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0. Independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, the Scheffé post-hoc test, and Pearson correlation analysis were applied, based on which a multiple regression analysis was conducted.
Results
Dental hygienists scored 3.09 points in presenteeism. The variables that influenced clinical empowerment were job and career burnout, explaining 12.3% of the variance in scores among dental clinic hygienists.
Conclusions
As a result, clinical dental hygienists’ presentism is associated with clinical background and exhaustion, and exhaustion as the strongest influence. Therefore, in order to reduce the loss of clinical dental hygienists due to presentism, it is necessary to develop and apply health promotion programs that can manage clinical dental hygienists’ health problems early and to provide support in the organizational aspects of their work.

Keyword

Burnout; Dental hygienist; Presenteeism; Retention intention
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