J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.  2021 Jun;30(2):153-167. 10.12934/jkpmhn.2021.30.2.153.

An Integrative Literature Review on Psychological Intervention Research for Firefighters

Affiliations
  • 1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Choonhae College of Health Science, Ulsan, Korea
  • 2Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Kyungsung University, Busan, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
The purpose of this study was to find core components of psychological intervention for firefighters by integrative literature review.
Methods
Whittemore and Knafl’s integrative review methods was used to synthesize the literature. Articles published in Korean and English were identified through seven electronic databases. Nineteen studies were ultimately selected that met the selection criteria for this review.
Results
Through in-depth discussion and investigation of the relevant literature, three overarching components emerged: (a) resilience prevention for primary prevention, (b) early crisis intervention for secondary prevention, and (c) tailored recovery intervention for tertiary prevention.
Conclusion
The three main components found in the results of this study can be important evidence-based data when developing a psychological intervention for firefighters.

Keyword

Firefighters; Review; Psychology; 소방공무원, 고찰, 심리
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