J Korean Soc Radiol.  2021 May;82(3):749-755. 10.3348/jksr.2020.0057.

Incidentally Detected Pericardial Defect in a Patient with Pneumothorax as Confirmed on Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery

Affiliations
  • 1Departments of Radiology, Dong-A University Medical Center, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea
  • 2Departments of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Dong-A University Medical Center, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea

Abstract

Congenital defects of the pericardium, which are generally asymptomatic, are rare disorders characterized by complete or partial absence of the pericardium. Here, we report a rare case of a 19-year-old male who was incidentally diagnosed with congenital absence of the left pericardium during examination for symptoms of pneumothorax. Chest radiography and CT revealed a collapsed left lung without any evidence of trauma, no unusual findings of free air spaces along the right side of the ascending aorta, heart shifted toward the left side of the thorax, and a shallow chest. Subsequent thoracoscopy confirmed the absence of the left pericardium and displacement of the heart toward the left thoracic cavity. We further discuss the correlation between radiologic images and surgical findings of a congenital pericardial defect associated with spontaneous pneumothorax.

Keyword

Pericardium; Pneumothorax; Thorax; Thoracoscopy; Computed Tomography; X-Ray
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