J Korean Clin Nurs Res.  2021 Apr;27(1):85-97. 10.22650/JKCNR.2021.27.1.85.

Effects of a Video Education Program for Caregivers on the Maintenance of Peripheral Intravenous Catheter among Hospitalized Children

Affiliations
  • 1Charge Nurse, Department of Nursing, Tanbang MBL Children’s Hospital, Daejeon, Korea
  • 2Professor, Department of Nursing, Daejeon University, Daejeon, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
The purpose of this study was to develop a video education program (VEP) for the caregivers and to verify its effectiveness on the maintenance of a peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) among hospitalized children.
Methods
The VEP was developed through a literature review, educational need assessment of caregivers, and interviews with pediatric nurses, and validation of an expert group. The effectiveness of the VEP was tested on 102 caregivers and their children in a children’s hospital at D city. A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used in which different types of intervention were given to caregivers in intervention group (n=51) and control group (n=51). All caregivers received brief verbal information about the PIVC maintenance. The intervention group was additionally provided with VEP using a smartphone. Data were analyzed using SPSS/Win 21.0 program.
Results
The caregivers’ knowledge score on PIVC maintenance in the intervention group was significantly higher than that of the control group. The numbers of flushing in case of blockage of PIVC and gauze dressing change of the intervention group was significantly lower than those of the control group.
Conclusion
These results suggest that the VEP developed in this study can be useful for the maintenance of PIVC among hospitalized children.

Keyword

Peripheral Catheterization; Hospitalized Children; Caregivers; Educational Program
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