J Korean Acad Prosthodont.  2021 Apr;59(2):181-189. 10.4047/jkap.2021.59.2.181.

Evaluation of sleep quality and stress response in patients requiring dental prosthetic treatment

Affiliations
  • 1Dental Clinic Center, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Republic of Korea
  • 2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Republic of Korea
  • 3Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Republic of Korea

Abstract

Purpose
The purpose of this study is to investigate the stress response and sleep state of the new patients who visit the hospital for prosthodontic treatment due to tooth loss to make reference to further treatment direction.
Materials and methods
Examinations, consultations, and surveys were conducted on 236 patients (94 males, 142 females, and 24-86 years old), who newly registered at the department of prosthodontics at Pusan national university hospital, for 2 years from 2018. The number of remaining teeth, edentulous arch, possibility of mastication, and future prosthetic treatment directions were recorded. The visual analogue scale (VAS), stress response inventory (SRI) and Insomnia severity index (ISI) were used as tools to measure patient’s subjective discomfort, stress response, and sleep status.
Results
Among the entire prosthodontic patient group, the average value of ‘fatigue’ was significantly higher among the 7 items of SRI, and the value of ‘aggression’ was significantly lower (P<.001). There are a significant difference between the edentulous and full dentition in the oral discomfort value measured by VAS (P=.004). In cases where less than 20 teeth remain, mastication is impossible, and patients who are planning treatment with removable prostheses, VAS value and ‘depression’ and ‘fatigue’ values in SRI were higher than those in the reverse case (P<.05). The patients showed severe level in VAS value have high value of ‘tension’, ‘somatization’, ‘depression’, ‘fatigue’and ‘frustration’in SRI than non-serious patients (P<.05). Clinical insomnia occurred in 11.4% of all patients, and women had significantly lower sleep quality than men (P=.044). Patients with insomnia showed significantly higher scores on the VAS value and all 7 SRI items than those of normal sleepers (P<.05).
Conclusion
The new prosthetics had high ‘fatigue’ value among the 7 items of SRI. The oral condition, number of residual teeth and mastication function and clinical insomnia affected oral discomfort and the stress response.

Keyword

Insomnia; Stress response; Tooth loss
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