J Clin Neurol.  2021 Apr;17(2):206-212. 10.3988/jcn.2021.17.2.206.

Association between Serum Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 and Neurological Severity in Acute Ischemic Stroke

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Neurology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Korea

Abstract

Background
and Purpose Serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is known to have a neuroprotective effect. This study aimed to determine the effects of serum IGF-1 on the severity and clinical outcome of acute ischemic stroke (AIS).
Methods
This study included 446 patients with AIS who were admitted to Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital within 7 days of stroke onset from February 2014 to June 2017. Serum IGF-1 levels were measured within 24 hours of admission. Stroke severity was measured using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at admission, and the functional outcome at 3 months after symptom onset was assessed using the modified Rankin Scale score. The effects of serum IGF-1 levels on stroke severity and 3-month functional outcomes were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression analysis.
Results
This study evaluated 379 patients with AIS (age 67.2±12.6 years, mean±standard deviation; 59.9% males) after excluding 67 patients who had a history of previous stroke (n=25) or were lost to follow-up at 3 months (n=42). After adjusting for clinically relevant covariates, a higher serum IGF-1 level was associated with a lower NIHSS score at admission (adjusted odds ratio=0.44, 95% confidence interval=0.24–0.80, p=0.01), while there was no significant association at 3 months.
Conclusions
This study showed that a higher serum IGF-1 level is associated with a lower NIHSS score at admission but not at 3 months. Further studies are required to clarify the usefulness of the serum IGF-1 level as a prognostic marker for ischemic stroke.

Keyword

acute ischemic stroke; insulin-like growth factor I; modified Rankin Scale
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