J Korean Soc Biol Ther Psychiatry.  2021 Feb;27(1):59-66.

Exploratory Study on the Characteristics of Students Attempting to Quit Smoking

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Daegu, korea
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Daegu, korea

Abstract


Objectives
:Adolescents cigarette smoking is a major public health concern, because it is highly associated with physical and mental development of adolescents. This study examines the psychosocial variables affecting smoking behaviors and smoking cessation plan.
Methods
:A total of 74 (35 smokers and 40 non-smokers) students in Daegu metropolitan city were included in this study. 35 smokers visited smoking cessation center between September 2019 and November 2019. Subjects were asked to complete a self-reported questionnaire evaluating smoking status, self-esteem, parent-adolescent communication, parent and peer attachment, and peer relationship quality. The independent t-test was conducted to determine the difference in psychological variables between smoker and non-smoker. Additionally, logistic regression analysis was done to identify the factors that affect smoking cessation plan and willingness.
Results
:The majority of adolescent smoker was male (94.3%) and middle school students (82.9%). Twenty-four smokers (68.5%) started smoking at sixth and seventh grade. The smoking amount and smoking days were related to plan and willingness of smoking cessation in logistic regression analysis and the number of friends who smoke was related to smoking cessation plan. The openness of communication in smoking students was significantly higher than that of non-smoking students.
Conclusion
:Our findings indicate that the environmental factors such as peer or parental smoking is important in adolescents smoking. In addition to individual factors such as smoking amount and days, openness of communication related with impulsivity and susceptibility in peer pressure can affect plan or willingness of smoking cessation.

Keyword

Adolescent behavior; Smoking cessation; Smoking behavior
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