Yonsei Med J.  2021 Feb;62(2):149-158. 10.3349/ymj.2021.62.2.149.

Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody Positivity Is Associated with Vascular Involvement in Behçet’s Disease

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Institute for Immunology and Immunological Diseases, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Purpose
We investigated whether antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) positivity is associated with vascular manifestations at diagnosis of Behçet's disease (BD) and poor outcomes during follow-up.
Materials and Methods
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 1060 patients with BD. Among them, 808 patients could be diagnosed with BD based on the revised version of the International Criteria for Behçet's Disease (ICBD) in 2014 (2014 ICBD criteria) and 588 patients could be diagnosed with BD based on the International Study Group (ISG) criteria proposed in 1990 (1990 ISG criteria). We examined the sites and patterns of vascular involvement in the BD patients at diagnosis and evaluated adverse outcomes during follow up, such as all-cause mortality, acute coronary syndrome, and deep vein thrombosis.
Results
Among the 808 patients with BD based on the 2014 ICBD criteria, the rate of ANCA positivity at diagnosis was 2.2%. ANCA-positive BD patients exhibited a higher frequency of overall vascular manifestations (22.2% vs. 6.1%) and higher frequencies of vascular involvement in the upper extremities and visceral arteries than ANCA-negative BD patients (5.6% vs. 0.1% and 5.6% vs. 0.1%). Among the 588 BD patients based on the 1990 ISG criteria, similarly, ANCA-positive BD patients exhibited a higher frequency of vascular manifestations than ANCA-negative BD patients. ANCA positivity, however, did not seem to be associated with poor outcomes in BD patients during follow up.
Conclusion
ANCA positivity in BD patients was found to be associated with cross-sectional vascular involvement in the upper extremities and visceral arteries at diagnosis but was not predictive of poor outcomes during follow-up.

Keyword

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody; Behçet; vasculitis
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