J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2020 Nov;27(4):344-355. 10.7739/jkafn.2020.27.4.344.

Factors Influencing Compliance in Intravenous Practice for Infection Prevention among Nurses in Small and Medium Hospitals

Affiliations
  • 1Researcher, National Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Konyang University, Daejeon, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
This study was done to investigate knowledge of intravenous practice for infection prevention and compliance, empowerment, and organizational culture awareness regarding infection control, and to identify influencing effects regarding compliance with intravenous practice for infection prevention among nurses working in small and medium-sized hospitals.
Methods
A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted with a sample of 136 nurses working in small and medium-sized hospitals. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, independent t-tests, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlations and a stepwise multiple regression were performed using IBM SPSS 23.0.
Results
There was a significant correlation between compliance with intravenous practice for infection prevention and knowledge (r=.34, p<.001), and between compliance with intravenous practice for infection prevention and organizational culture awareness of infection control (r=.41, p<.001). Moreover, the factors influencing compliance with intravenous practice for infection prevention were organizational culture awareness of infection control (β=.35, p<.001) and knowledge of intravenous practice for infection prevention (β=.27, p=.001). These variables explained 22.7% of compliance with intravenous practice for infection prevention.
Conclusion
It is necessary to an organizational culture that emphasizes infection prevention through regular monitoring and feedback and to develop regular education and training programs based on current guidelines.

Keyword

Cross infection; Infection control; Intravenous administration; Patient safety; 의료관련감염; 감염관리; 정맥주사; 환자안전
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