J Breast Dis.  2020 Dec;8(2):85-91. 10.14449/jbd.2020.8.2.85.

Accuracy of Radiological Axillary Staging for Breast Cancer Patients with Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Breast·Thyroid Surgery, Department of Surgery, Jeonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in breast cancer patients has the advantage of decreasing related morbidities by reducing the extent of axillary surgery. However, it remains a controversy with regards to the appropriate extent of axillary lymph node dissection after NACT. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the accuracy of breast ultrasonography (US) and breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess the axillary nodal status after NACT.
Methods
We reviewed pre- and post-NACT axillary imaging and clinicopathological data of patients who received NACT for primary breast cancer and underwent surgery. After NACT, accuracy of imaging modalities were evaluated through the comparison of pathologic lymph node (LN) status and imaging LN status.
Results
Fifty seven patients completed NACT and underwent surgery. Breast US was found to have a sensitivity of 61.1%, specificity of 57.7%, negative predictive value (NPV) of 68.2%, and positive predictive value (PPV) of 50.0%. For breast MRI, sensitivity was 58.3%, specificity 75.8%, NPV 71.4%, and PPV 63.6%. For US combined with MRI, sensitivity was 66.7%, specificity 54.5%, NPV 69.2%, and PPV 51.6%. The accuracy of imaging modalities was 59.1% for US, 68.4% for MRI, and 59.6% for US combined with MRI.
Conclusion
In breast cancer patients who received NACT, MRI showed a higher specificity, NPV, and PPV than US, although it had a lower sensitivity. However, due to the low accuracy, breast MRI alone is not sufficient to determine the extent of axillary surgery. Therefore, determining the extent of axillary surgery based on the results of intraoperative sentinel lymph node biopsy may be the right method for accurate staging.

Keyword

Breast neoplasms; Magnetic resonance imaging; Neoadjuvant therapy; Ultrasonography
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