Korean J Hosp Palliat Care.  2020 Dec;23(4):241-251. 10.14475/kjhpc.2020.23.4.241.

Relationships among Perceptions of Dying Well, Attitudes toward Advance Directives, and Preferences for Advance Directives among Elderly Living Alone

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Songwon University, Gwangju, Korea
  • 2Department of Nursing, Mokpo National University, Muan, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
This study investigated awareness of dying well, as well as attitudes and preferences toward advance directives (ADs), among elderly individuals who lived alone. Methods: The participants were 173 elderly people living alone. Data were collected from July 2019 to September 2019 using questionnaires on perceptions of dying well, awareness of advance directives, and general characteristics.
Results
The majority of participants (68.2%) stated that they had never heard of advance directives. The information they requested to include in their advance directives mostly involved decisions on pain treatment, such as the use of analgesic drugs in the final stages of a terminal disease. Perceptions of dying well were statistically significantly different according to age and education.
Conclusion
This study discussed the attitudes and preferences of elderly living alone regarding advance directives to provide basic resources for the systematic and active use of advance directives.

Keyword

Aged; Death; Advance directives
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