Int J Gastrointest Interv.  2020 Jul;9(3):111-113. 10.18528/ijgii200020.

An extremely rare coexistence of achalasia cardia with esophageal leiomyoma: An endoscopic treatment approach

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Endoscopy and Endosonography, Surat Institute of Digestive Sciences, Surat, India
  • 2Department of Gastroenterology, Surat Institute of Digestive Sciences, Surat, India
  • 3Department of Clinical Research, Surat Institute of Digestive Sciences, Surat, India
  • 4Department of Gastroenterology, SIDS Hospital and Research Centre, Surat, India

Abstract

The coexistence of an esophageal leiomyoma with an achalasia cardia is extremely rare and poses a diagnostic dilemma as the clinical presentation of an esophageal leiomyoma strongly resembles to an achalasia cardia. Moreover, at most of the time, an esophageal leiomyoma exist with absence of leiomyoma specific symptoms or findings. It could be the reason why the diagnosis of esophageal leiomyoma is missed while the patient has the coexistence of the both. Here, we present a case series of an unusual coexistence of an esophageal leiomyoma with achalasia in three patients who were presented with dysphagia and had an initial diagnosis of achalasia. Even endoscopic evaluation couldn’t reveal esophageal leiomyoma; it became apparent during the peroral endoscopic myotomy.

Keyword

Achalasia; Leiomyoma; Peroral endoscopic myotomy procedure; Submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection
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