J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.  2020 Jul;31(3):97-104. 10.5765/jkacap.200021.

Neuroimaging-Based Deep Learning in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

  • 1Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Seoul National University Hospital, Autism and Developmental Disorder Center, Seoul, Korea


Deep learning (DL) is a kind of machine learning technique that uses artificial intelligence to identify the characteristics of given data and efficiently analyze large amounts of information to perform tasks such as classification and prediction. In the field of neuroimaging of neurodevelopmental disorders, various biomarkers for diagnosis, classification, prognosis prediction, and treatment response prediction have been examined; however, they have not been efficiently combined to produce meaningful results. DL can be applied to overcome these limitations and produce clinically helpful results. Here, we review studies that combine neurodevelopmental disorder neuroimaging and DL techniques to explore the strengths, limitations, and future directions of this research area.


Neuroimaging; Neurodevelopmental disorder; Autism spectrum disorder; Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; Deep learning; Review
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