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Venous Outflow Profiles Are Linked to Clinical Outcomes in Ischemic Stroke Patients with Extensive Baseline Infarct

Winkelmeier L, Broocks G, Kniep H, Geest V, Reinwald J, Meyer L, van Horn N, Guenego A, Zeleňák K, Albers GW, Lansberg M, Sporns P, Wintermark M, Fiehler J, Heit JJ, Faizy TD

Background and Purpose The benefit of endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) treatment is still unclear in stroke patients presenting with extensive baseline infarct. The use of additional imaging biomarkers could improve clinical...
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Association between Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Brain Atrophy: A Meta-Analysis

Zhang T, Shaw M, Cherbuin N

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is known to be associated with cognitive decline and brain structural changes. This study systematically reviews and estimates human brain volumetric differences and atrophy...
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Assessment and Comparison of Three Dimensional Exoscopes for Near-Infrared Fluorescence-Guided Surgery Using Second-Window Indocyanine-Green

Cho SS, Teng CW, De Ravin E, Singh YB, Lee JY

Objective : Compared to microscopes, exoscopes have advantages in field-depth, ergonomics, and educational value. Exoscopes are especially well-poised for adaptation into fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS) due to their excitation source, light...
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Cranial and Spinal Window Preparation for in vivo Optical Neuroimaging in Rodents and Related Experimental Techniques

Yeon C, Im JM, Kim M, Kim YR, Chung E

  • KMID: 2531117
  • Exp Neurobiol.
  • 2022 Jun;31(3):131-146.
  • doi: 10.5607/en22015
Optical neuroimaging provides an effective neuroscience tool for multi-scale investigation of the neural structures and functions, ranging from molecular, cellular activities to the inter-regional connectivity assessment. Amongst experimental preparations, the...
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Imaging of Abusive Head Trauma : A Radiologists’ Perspective

Cheon JE, Kim JH

Abusive head trauma (AHT) is the most common and serious form of child abuse and a leading cause of traumatic death in infants and young children. The biomechanics of head...
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Executive Summary of the 2021 International Conference of Korean Dementia Association: A Report From the Academic Committee of the Korean Dementia Association

Park KH, Jang JW, Suh J, Yi S, Bae JS, Lim JS, Lee H, Chin J, Park YH, Hong YJ, Kim GH, oboACotKDA

Recently, aducanumab, a beta amyloid targeted immunotherapy, has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of Alzheimer’s dementia (AD). Although many questions need to be...
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Functional Neuroimaging in Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Systematic Review Highlights Common Brain Alterations With Functional Movement Disorders

Nisticò V, Rossi RE, D’Arrigo AM, Priori A, Gambini O, Demartini B

  • KMID: 2528033
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2022 Apr;28(2):185-203.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm21079
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic functional gastrointestinal disorder characterized by recurring abdominal pain and altered bowel habits without detectable organic causes. This study aims to provide a comprehensive...
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Artificial Intelligence in Neuroimaging: Clinical Applications

Choi KS, Sunwoo L

Artificial intelligence (AI) powered by deep learning (DL) has shown remarkable progress in image recognition tasks. Over the past decade, AI has proven its feasibility for applications in medical imaging....
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Diffusion MRI Connections in the Octopus Brain

Jacobs RE

Using high angle resolution diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (HARDI) with fiber tractography analysis we map out a meso-scale connectome of the Octopus bimaculoides brain. The brain of this cephalopod has...
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Machine Learning and Deep Learning for the Pharmacogenomics of Antidepressant Treatments

Lin E, Lin CH, Lane HY

A growing body of evidence now proposes that machine learning and deep learning techniques can serve as a vital foundation for the pharmacogenomics of antidepressant treatments in patients with major...
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Use of Distal Intracranial Catheters for Better Working View of Cerebral Aneurysms Hidden by Parent Artery or Its Branches: A Technical Note

Mahmoud E, Lenell S, Nyberg C, Borota L

A good working view is critical for safe and successful endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms. In a few cases, endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms may be challenging due to difficulty...
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Neuroimaging Findings in Patients with COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Kim PH, Kim M, Suh CH, Chung SR, Park JE, Kim SC, Choi YJ, Lee JH, Kim HS, Baek JH, Choi CG, Kim SJ

Objective: Central nervous system involvement in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been increasingly reported. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the incidence of radiologically demonstrated neurologic complications...
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Analysis of Early Neuroimaging Results in Patients with Acute Isolated Ocular Motor Nerve Palsy

Jeong DE, Kim DH

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of early neuroimaging in patients with acute isolated 3rd, 4th, and 6th nerve palsy. Methods: Neuroimaging tests were performed in patients >50 years old with acute...
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Disrupted Association Between Empathy and Brain Structure in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Lee J, Son JW, Kim S, Kim Je, Chung S, Ghim HR, Lee SI, Shin CJ, Ju G

  • KMID: 2521014
  • J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
  • 2021 Oct;32(4):129-136.
  • doi: 10.5765/jkacap.210009
Objectives: To investigate the relationship between brain structure and empathy in early adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: Nineteen early adolescents with ADHD and 20 healthy controls underwent 3T MRI. All...
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Cerebral current-source distribution associated with pain improvement by non-invasive painless signaling therapy in patients with failed back surgery syndrome

Lee CH, Kim HS, Kim YS, Jung S, Yoon CH, Kwon OY

Background: Non-invasive painless signaling therapy (NPST) is an electro-cutaneous treatment that converts endogenous pain information into synthetic non-pain information. This study explored whether pain improvement by NPST in failed back...
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How Inflammation Affects the Brain in Depression: A Review of Functional and Structural MRI Studies

Han KM, Ham BJ

This narrative review discusses how peripheral and central inflammation processes affect brain function and structure in depression, and reports on recent peripheral inflammatory marker-based functional and structural magnetic resonance imaging...
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Post-Stroke Cognitive Impairment: Pathophysiological Insights into Brain Disconnectome from Advanced Neuroimaging Analysis Techniques

Lim JS, Lee JJ, Woo CW

The neurological symptoms of stroke have traditionally provided the foundation for functional mapping of the brain. However, there are many unresolved aspects in our understanding of cerebral activity, especially regarding...
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Fulminant Course of Acute Necrotizing Encephalopathy Followed by Serial MRI: A Case Report

Lee JY, Lee KM, Yeon EK, Lee EH, Kim EJ

Acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE) is a rare but distinctive type of influenza-associated encephalopathy characterized by symmetric multiple lesions with an invariable thalamic involvement. Although the exact pathogenesis of ANE remains...
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White Matter Alterations Associated with Pro-inflammatory Cytokines in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder

Lim J, Sohn H, Kwon MS, Kim B

Objective: Regarding the neuroinflammatory theory of major depressive disorder (MDD), little is known about the effect of pro-inflammatory cytokines on white matter (WM) changes in MDD. We aimed to investigate...
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Inter-hemispheric Functional Connections Are More Vulnerable to Attack Than Structural Connection in Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Liu G, Li S, Chen N, Zhao Z, Guo M, Liu H, Feng J, Zhang D, Yao Z, Hu B

  • KMID: 2517537
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2021 Jul;27(3):426-435.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm20134
Background/Aims Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a prevalent functional gastrointestinal disease characterized by recurrent abdominal pain and bowel dysfunction. However, the majority of previous neuroimaging studies focus on brain structure and...
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