J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2020 Jun;26(3):192-204. 10.11111/jkana.2020.26.3.192.

Structural Relationship between Nurses' Occupational Motivation and Effectiveness based on the Job Crafting Model

  • 1Visiting Professor, Head Nurse, Dongguk University Medical Center


This study was to investigate the structural relationship between nurses' motivation and effectiveness in their occupations using the Job Crafting model. This study was identified that the nurses' occupational motivation affected task, cognitive, and relational crafting. The factors affecting job effectiveness, organizational commitment and job embeddedness were also identified.
The survey was conducted with 596 participating nurses working in common general hospitals and tertiary hospitals within South Korea. A structural equation model was constructed to verify the fitness of this model. Data was analyzed using SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 21.0 programs.
The identified factors affecting occupational motivation was positive affectivity job crafting. Cognitive crafting had a significant impact on task and relational crafting, but task crafting had no significant influence on organizational commitment. Organizational commitment was found to have a significant impact on job embeddedness. As a result of comparing by size of the hospital, the Job Crafting model validated in this study showed higher fitness at tertiary hospitals than in common general hospitals.
We found that nurses' job crafting behavior and occupational motivation cause them to have a significant influence on organizational commitment and job embeddedness, which are factors of job effectiveness.


Nurses; Job crafting; Motivation; Effectiveness
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