World J Mens Health.  2020 Jul;38(3):285-297. 10.5534/wjmh.190007.

Sexual Dysfunction and Fertility Problems in Men with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract that is usually diagnosed in young individuals. Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are the 2 principal forms of IBD. Patients with IBD demonstrate varying degrees of disease activity and sometimes need to undergo bowel surgery such as proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis that involves removal of the entire colon and rectum with consequent sexual dysfunction. Several studies have shown that sulfasalazine, affects male fertility. Additionally, many men with IBD are unable to control their smoking, drinking, and eating habits, which can cause worsening of disease activity and fertility. Therefore, infertility and sexual dysfunction are important issues in young patients diagnosed with IBD because they are related to optimal management of the disease and patients’ quality of life. Only a few studies have reported sexual dysfunction and infertility in men with IBD. Therefore, this study reviewed the current literature describing male sexual dysfunction scales and evaluated the causes of sexual dysfunction and infertility in men with IBD.

Keyword

Crohn’s disease; Erectile dysfunction; Inflammatory bowel diseases; Male infertility; Sexual dysfunction, physiological; Ulcerative colitis
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