J Gynecol Oncol.  2020 Apr;31(1):e9. 10.3802/jgo.2020.31.e9.

An optimized BRCA1/2 next-generationsequencing for different clinical sample types

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea
  • 3Department of Laboratory Medicine, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea
  • 4Department of Pathology, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea
  • 5Department of Laboratory Medicine, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea

Abstract


Objective
A simultaneous detection of germline and somatic mutations in ovarian cancer (OC) using tumor materials is considered to be cost-effective for BRCA1/2 testing. However, there are limited studies of the analytical performances according to various sample types. The aim of this study is to propose a strategy for routine BRCA1/2 next-generation sequencing (NGS) screening based on analytical performance according to different sample types.
Methods
We compared BRCA1/2 NGS screening assay using buffy coat, fresh-frozen (FF) and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) from 130 samples.
Results
The rate of repeated tests in a total of buffy coat, FF and FFPE was 0%, 8%, and 34%, respectively. The accuracy of BRCA1/2 NGS testing was 100.0%, 99.9% and 99.9% in buffy coat, FFPE and FF, respectively. However, due to the presence of variant allele frequency (VAF) shifted heterozygous variants, tumor materials (FFPE and FF) showed lower sensitivity (95.5%–99.0%) than buffy coat (100%). Furthermore, FFPE showed 51.4% of the positive predictive value (PPV) on account of sequence artifacts. When performed in the post-filtration process, PPV was increased by approximately 20% in FFPE. Buffy coat showed 100% of sensitivity, specificity and accuracy in BRCA1/2 NGS test.
Conclusions
On the comparison of the analytical performance according to different sample types, the buffy coat was not affected by sequencing artifacts and VAF shifted variants. Therefore, the blood test should be given priority in detecting germline BRCA1/2 mutation, and tumor materials could be suitable to detect somatic mutations in OC patients without identifying germline BRCA1/2 mutation.

Keyword

BRCA1; BRCA2; Blood Buffy Coat; Tissue Preservation; High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
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