Endocrinol Metab.  2020 Mar;35(1):85-94. 10.3803/EnM.2020.35.1.85.

Prevalence and Current Management of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Korean Adults Based on Fact Sheets

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. hongsiri@hanmail.net

Abstract

Korea is currently an aged society and is on the cusp of becoming a superaged society in a few years. The health burden of cardiovascular diseases increases with age, and the increasing prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, such as obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia, may be linked to increased population-level cardiovascular risk. In 2018, the prevalence of obesity in Korea was 35.7% (men, 45.4%; women, 26.5%) according to the Obesity Fact Sheet 2019, based on National Health Insurance Corporation medical checkup data. In 2016, the prevalence of diabetes was 14.4% in Koreans older than 30 years according to the Diabetes Fact Sheet published by the Korean Diabetes Association, based on data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The prevalence of hypertension in the total population of Korea in 2018 was 28.3% according to the Korean Hypertension Fact Sheet produced by the Korean Society of Hypertension. Lastly, the prevalence of dyslipidemia in 2018 was 40.5% according to the Dyslipidemia Fact Sheet published by the Korean Society of Lipid and Atherosclerosis. In this article, I would like to review the prevalence and current management of cardiovascular risk factors in Korea according to the fact sheets released by various associations.

Keyword

Risk factors; Diabetes mellitus; Dyslipidemias; Hypertension; Obesity; Fact sheet

MeSH Terms

Adult*
Atherosclerosis
Cardiovascular Diseases
Diabetes Mellitus
Dyslipidemias
Female
Humans
Hypertension
Korea
National Health Programs
Nutrition Surveys
Obesity
Prevalence*
Risk Factors*
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