J Minim Invasive Surg.  2019 Dec;22(4):164-170. 10.7602/jmis.2019.22.4.164.

Surgical Treatment of Rectal Prolapse: A 10-Year Experience at a Single Institution

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, Eastern Visayas Regional Medical Center, Tacloban, Philippines.
  • 2Department of Surgery, Uijeongbu St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Korea.
  • 3Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. namkyuk@yuhs.ac

Abstract

PURPOSE
Despite the plethora of surgical options, there is no consensus regarding the best treatment for rectal prolapse. This study is aimed at evaluating our experience with its treatment and outcomes.
METHODS
We retrospectively reviewed rectal prolapse patients' characteristics, clinical presentation, surgical procedure, average length of hospital stay, morbidity, mortality, and recurrence over a 10 year period at our institution.
RESULTS
A total of 46 patients underwent rectal prolapse repair at our institution over a 10 year period. Of the 39 patients with primary rectal prolapse, 18 patients had an abdominal procedure, while 21 patients underwent a perineal approach. Operative duration was significantly longer in abdominal procedures, of which 16 cases were performed laparoscopically. Length of hospital stay and recurrence were not statistically significant between the 2 groups. In patients with recurrent rectal prolapse, more than 80% of the initial surgeries were done using the perineal approach. An abdominal approach was utilized in the management of 75% of recurrences.
CONCLUSION
An abdominal repair may be preferable in the treatment of recurrent rectal prolapse. Minimally invasive techniques may be feasible and can provide a safe alternative to perineal procedures in elderly patients.

Keyword

Procidentia; Prolapse; Rectal prolapse; Rectal diseases; Rectum

MeSH Terms

Aged
Consensus
Humans
Length of Stay
Mortality
Prolapse
Rectal Diseases
Rectal Prolapse*
Rectum
Recurrence
Retrospective Studies
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