J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2019 Sep;25(4):317-328. 10.11111/jkana.2019.25.4.317.

Relationship among Nursing Professionalism, Nursing Work Environment, and Patient Safety Nursing Activities in General Hospital Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Dongguk University, Korea.
  • 2Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University, Korea. ksj5139@hanmail.net
  • 3Department of Nursing, Sangmyung University, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was done to identify the relationships among nursing professionalism, nursing work environment, and patient safety activities, and to analyze the factors influencing nurses' patient safety nursing activities.
METHODS
This descriptive study included 270 nurses from six general hospitals. Questionnaires were used to collect data between August 20 and September 21, 2018, using questionnaires. Analyses included descriptive statistics, t-test, analysis of variance, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression, conducted using IBM SPSS/WIN 21.0.
RESULTS
Mean scores on nursing professionalism, nursing work environment, and patient safety nursing activities were 3.51±0.41, 2.44±0.45, and 4.39±0.50, respectively. The patient safety nursing activities score was positively correlated with subscales of nursing professionalism variable: professional self-concept (r=.15, p=.019), social recognition (r=.10, p=.036), professional identity in nursing (r=.24, p<.001), role of nursing practice (r=.16, p=.012), nursing foundation for quality of care (r=.19, p=.003), and nurse manager's ability (r=.14, p=.031). Patient safety nursing activities were influenced by professional identity in nursing (β=.22, p=.001) and nursing foundation for quality of care (β=.15, p=.001), which explained 8.0% of the variance.
CONCLUSION
These results suggest that nurse managers should focus on creating an appropriate nursing environment and facilitating nursing professionalism to enhance hospital nurses' patient safety nursing activities.

Keyword

Nurse; Nursing activities; Patient safety; Professionalism; Work environment

MeSH Terms

Hospitals, General*
Humans
Nurse Administrators
Nursing*
Patient Safety*
Professionalism*
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