Korean J Radiol.  2019 Oct;20(10):1441-1453. 10.3348/kjr.2019.0181.

Imaging of Thoracic Wall Abnormalities

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Diagnostic Radiology, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, Canada. alexandre.semionov@mail.mcgill.ca
  • 2Department of Diagnostic Radiology, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Canada.
  • 3Department of Radiology, King Abdulaziz University, Faculty of Medicine, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • 4Department of Radiology, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Canada.

Abstract

Identification of certain abnormalities of the chest wall can be extremely helpful in correctly diagnosing a number of syndromic conditions and systemic diseases. Additionally, chest wall abnormalities may sometimes constitute diagnoses by themselves. In the present pictorial essay, we review a number of such conditions and provide illustrative cases that were retrospectively identified from our clinical imaging database. These include pentalogy of Cantrell, Klippel-Feil syndrome, cleidocranial dysplasia, Poland syndrome, osteopetrosis, neurofibromatosis type 1, Marfan syndrome, Gardner syndrome, systemic sclerosis, relapsing polychondritis, polymyositis/dermatomyositis, ankylosing spondylitis, hyperparathyroidism, rickets, sickle cell anemia, thalassemia, tuberculosis, septic arthritis of the sternoclavicular joint, elastofibroma dorsi, and sternal dehiscence.

Keyword

Chest wall abnormalities

MeSH Terms

Anemia, Sickle Cell
Arthritis, Infectious
Cleidocranial Dysplasia
Diagnosis
Gardner Syndrome
Hyperparathyroidism
Klippel-Feil Syndrome
Marfan Syndrome
Neurofibromatosis 1
Osteopetrosis
Pentalogy of Cantrell
Poland Syndrome
Polychondritis, Relapsing
Retrospective Studies
Rickets
Scleroderma, Systemic
Spondylitis, Ankylosing
Sternoclavicular Joint
Thalassemia
Thoracic Wall*
Tuberculosis
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