Child Health Nurs Res.  2019 Jul;25(3):344-354. 10.4094/chnr.2019.25.3.344.

Types of Parenting of Fathers during Early Childhood: A Q Methodological Approach

Affiliations
  • 1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Yeoju Institute of Technology, Yeoju, Korea.
  • 2Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Kyungdong University, Wonju, Korea.
  • 3Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Gangneung Yeongdong University, Gangneung, Korea.
  • 4Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Gangneung Yeongdong University, Gangneung, Korea.
  • 5Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Daegu Health College, Daegu · Doctoral Candidate, College of Nursing, Korea University, Seoul, Korea. byungjuny00@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine types of parenting among fathers. The characteristics of parenting each type in early childhood were identified by systematically analyzing and classifying father's perceptions of parenting using the Q-methodology, which places importance on the perspective of the performer.
METHODS
The Q-method, which is effective for measuring individual subjectivity was used. The subjects in this study were 50 fathers with young children (2~36 months).
RESULTS
Four parenting types were identified analyzing the subjective perceptions of fathers with young children about parenting. One type was centered on character development. Another was centered on social development. A third was centered on physical health and development. The fourth was centered on building values.
CONCLUSION
Parenting education programs should be developed based on type-specific characteristics and further research should investigate the effects of father's parenting type.

Keyword

Infant; Child; Fathers; Parenting

MeSH Terms

Child
Education, Nonprofessional
Fathers*
Humans
Infant
Parenting*
Parents*
Social Change
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