J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent.  2019 May;46(2):165-172. 10.5933/JKAPD.2019.46.2.165.

Influence of Application Method on Shear Bond Strength and Microleakage of Newly Developed 8th Generation Adhesive in Primary Teeth

  • 1Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Oral Science Research Center, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Korea. pedo@gwnu.ac.kr


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of application time and phosphoric acid etching of 8th generation adhesives containing functional monomer on adhesive performance in primary teeth. 80 extracted non-carious human primary teeth were selected and divided into 8 groups based on 3 factors: (1) adhesive: G-Premio bond and Single bond universal; (2) application time: shortened time and manufacture's instruction; (3) acid etching mode: self-etching and total-etching. Shear bond strength was measured using a universal testing machine, and fractured surface were observed under scanning electron microscope. Microleakage was evaluated by dye penetration depth. G-Premio bond were not significant different in shear bond strength and microleakage depending on application time of adhesive and acid etching mode. In Single bond universal, shear bond strength of short application time was significantly lower than that of long adhesive application time (p = 0.014). Clinically applicable shear bond strength values (> 17 MPa) were identified in all groups. These results suggested that G-Premio bond be used clinically for a short application time without phosphoric acid etching.


8th generation adhesive; Application time; Phosphoric acid etching; Shear bond strength; Failure mode; Microleakage

MeSH Terms

Tooth, Deciduous*
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