Child Health Nurs Res.  2019 Apr;25(2):154-164. 10.4094/chnr.2019.25.2.154.

Development of a Play Toolkit for Supporting Infant and Toddler Development in Kyrgyzstan with a Focus on the Symbolic Functioning and Fine Motor Development of Infants 6 to 36 Months Old

Affiliations
  • 1Student, College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea. hsshin@khu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The study aimed to develop a play toolkit to facilitate infants' and toddlers' symbolic thought and fine motor development.
METHODS
This study used a methodological study design including two phases of development and evaluation. After reviewing the play culture and developmental health issues in Kyrgyzstan through a literature review and interviews with local experts and parents, the toolkit was developed and evaluated using content validity and utilization tests.
RESULTS
The toolkit was based on Westby's symbolic play and the fine motor milestones in the Bright Futures Guidelines. The Toolkits were composed of an overall suggested play schedule according to the child's age, four kinds of play props, and a utilization guidebook for parents. The play props were a felt book, sorting and assembling blocks, cup blocks, and a tangram. The guidebook contained age-appropriate operating methods and alternative ways to use the materials.
CONCLUSION
A play toolkit was developed to enhance nurturing practices among parents of infants and toddlers. The findings may help facilitate effective interactions between parents and their children. Considering that nurturing care is critical for achieving better child health outcomes, enhancing parenting resources and parent-child relations could function as an effective strategy for promoting child health.

Keyword

Child development; Play; Playthings; Parenting; Parent-child relations

MeSH Terms

Appointments and Schedules
Child
Child Development
Child Health
Humans
Infant*
Kyrgyzstan*
Methods
Parent-Child Relations
Parenting
Parents
Play and Playthings
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