Psychoanalysis.  2019 Apr;30(2):25-31. 10.18529/psychoanal.2019.30.2.25.

Characteristics of Caregivers in Disney Animations

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. mompeian@khu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Psychiatry, Myongji Hospital, Hanyang University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Department of Psychiatry, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
To assess Disney's animated films regarding development of the conception of family for children, we examined types and roles of caregivers in films.
METHODS
The subjects were 54 Disney animations, from Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) to Moana (2016). The authors found one main character and one person (or animal) as a caregiver, who (which) takes care of a main character in each film. We analyzed the caregivers' type, and assessed the role as a caregiver was given to a main character, especially in the case where parents are living.
RESULTS
In classifying the type of caregivers, 24 (44.5%) cases have both parents (adoptive or biologic) living in the films, no comments about parents in 21 (38.9%) cases, and orphaned main characters in 9 (16.6%) cases. Among the 24 animations in which parent(s) can be identified, caregivers in 9 animations fulfilled full functions fit for the criteria as caregivers.
CONCLUSION
From the perspective of family, Disney animations have an atypical family structure, and reveal an insufficient caregiver role. This perspective must be considered in the short and long term, as to how the character of caregivers in these animations may influence development of the conception of a family in youth

Keyword

Disney; Animation; Media; Family; Parenting; Development

MeSH Terms

Adolescent
Caregivers*
Child
Child, Orphaned
Fertilization
Humans
Parenting
Parents
Snow
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