Neurospine.  2019 Mar;16(1):41-51. 10.14245/ns.1836320.160.

Step-by-Step Sublaminar Approach With a Newly-Designed Spinal Endoscope for Unilateral-Approach Bilateral Decompression in Spinal Stenosis

Affiliations
  • 1Spine Surgery Department, Aichi Spine Hospital, Aichi-ken, Japan. ito@itoortho.or.jp
  • 2Tokyo Spine Clinic, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
Spinal stenosis is increasingly common due to population aging. In elderly patients with lumbar central canal stenosis (LCCS), minimizing muscle damage and bone resection is particularly important. We performed a step-by-step operation with a newly designed spinal endoscope to obtain adequate decompression in patients with spinal stenosis.
METHODS
From April 2015 to August 2016, 78 patients (48 males, 30 females) with LCCS (91 segments) underwent endoscopic decompression using a newly designed endoscope system. The inclusion criteria were: (1) neurogenic intermittent claudication with or without radiculopathy, (2) LCCS, and (3) having exhausted conservative treatment (>3 months). The exclusion criteria were: (1) >10° of instability, (2) spondylolisthesis grade II or greater according to the Meyerding criteria, (3) foraminal stenosis, (4) vascular intermittent claudication, (5) infection, and (6) stenosis combined with malignancy. We performed a step-by-step procedure using a newly designed endoscope system for unilateral-approach bilateral decompression. We used the same incision for 2-3 segments, only moving the skin.
RESULTS
The mean follow-up was 2.3±1.3 years. Excellent or good results were found according to the MacNab criteria in 85.9% of cases (67 of 78). The visual analogue scale, Japanese Orthopedic Association score, and Oswestry Disability Index showed significant decreases at 1 month, persisting until the 2-year follow-up. Dural tear occurred in 4 cases (5.1%), and patch repair was performed under endoscopy. No patients experienced aggravated instability requiring surgery.
CONCLUSION
We obtained good results with endoscopic decompression surgery using a newly designed instrument that minimized muscle and bone damage in elderly patients with spinal stenosis.

Keyword

Unilateral approach bilateral decompression; Spinal endoscopy; Step-by-step procedure; Minimally invasive laminotomy

MeSH Terms

Aged
Aging
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Constriction, Pathologic
Decompression*
Endoscopes*
Endoscopy
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Intermittent Claudication
Male
Orthopedics
Radiculopathy
Skin
Spinal Stenosis*
Spondylolisthesis
Tears
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