Arch Craniofac Surg.  2019 Apr;20(2):89-93. 10.7181/acfs.2019.00017.

Are postoperative prophylactic antibiotics in closed reduction of nasal bone fracture valuable?: prospective study of 30 cases

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. mdshin7@naver.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Prophylactic antibiotic administration after surgery for a nasal bone fracture is performed due to concerns about infection-related complications, such as, toxic shock syndrome. To evaluate the validity and efficacy of antibiotic use, we compared the results obtained and the bacterial profiles of nasal packing materials in patients that underwent closed reduction for a nasal bone fracture with or without prophylactic antibiotic administration.
METHODS
Thirty consecutive patients with a nasal bone fracture, but without an open wound, that underwent closed reduction during March to August 2017 were included in the present study. Fifteen of these 30 patients were randomly assigned to a control group, members of were administered postoperative intravenous antibiotics once at the day of surgery and then oral antibiotics for 4 days. The other 15 patients were assigned to an experimental group and not administered any antibiotic postoperatively. Antibiotic ointment was not applied to nasal packing in either group. Nasal packing was removed on postoperative day 4 in all cases. Removed nasal gauze packings were culture tested and strains identified in the two groups were compared.
RESULTS
Bacterial strain types cultured from packings were similar in the experimental and control groups and no patient showed signs of clinically significant infection.
CONCLUSION
The findings of this study suggest postoperative prophylactic antibiotic use is not clinically required after closed reduction of a nasal bone fracture. Furthermore, the non-use of postoperative antibiotics is biologically beneficial, as it reduces the occurrence of resistant strains and medical costs, and is more convenient for patients.

Keyword

Anti-bacterial agent; Fractures, bone; Nasal bone; Therapeutics

MeSH Terms

Anti-Bacterial Agents*
Fractures, Bone
Humans
Nasal Bone*
Prospective Studies*
Shock, Septic
Wounds and Injuries
Anti-Bacterial Agents
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