J Periodontal Implant Sci.  2019 Apr;49(2):76-89. 10.5051/jpis.2019.49.2.76.

Evaluation of prognosis related to compliance with supportive periodontal treatment in patients with chronic periodontitis: a clinical retrospective study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Periodontology, Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital, Seoul, Korea. ekpang@ewha.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Clinical Oral Health Science, Graduate School of Clinical Dentistry, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Periodontology, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic effect of patient compliance with supportive periodontal treatment (PC-SPT). Chronic periodontitis patients were classified based on their compliance level, and factors affecting PC-SPT and the prognosis of PC-SPT were investigated.
METHODS
This study selected 206 patients who started SPT after receiving periodontal treatment between 2010 and 2012. Patients who continued SPT through February 2016 were included. The patients were classified according to whether they exhibited complete compliance (100% of visits), excellent compliance (≥70% of visits), incomplete compliance (<70% of visits), or non-compliance (only 2 visits). Patient characteristics that could affect PC-SPT, such as age, sex, distance of the clinic from their residence, implantation, and periodontal treatment, were investigated. The number of newly decayed and extracted teeth, alveolar bone level changes around the teeth and implants, and implant removal were examined to evaluate the prognosis of PC-SPT.
RESULTS
Sex and the presence of an implant significantly affected PC-SPT. Additionally, the number of newly decayed and extracted teeth and changes in alveolar bone levels around the teeth and implants were significant prognostic factors related to PC-SPT.
CONCLUSIONS
PC-SPT in chronic periodontitis patients will help maintain periodontal health and prevent further periodontal disease.

Keyword

Chronic periodontitis; Patient compliance; Periodontal treatment; Prognosis

MeSH Terms

Chronic Periodontitis*
Compliance*
Humans
Patient Compliance
Periodontal Diseases
Prognosis*
Retrospective Studies*
Tooth
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