J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2019 Mar;25(2):106-114. 10.11111/jkana.2019.25.2.106.

Effects of Nursing Workplace Spirituality and Self-efficacy on the Patient Safety Management Activities of Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Graduate School, Sahmyook University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Korea. ohpj@syu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of nursing workplace spirituality and self-efficacy on patient safety management activities of nurses.
METHODS
A purposive sample of 212 nurses from two general hospitals was recruited for the cross-sectional survey design. During March and April, 2017, data were collected through structured self-administered questionnaires. The assessment tools were Patient Safety Management Activities Scale, Nursing Workplace Spirituality Scale and Self-efficacy Scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and hierachical multiple regression analyses with SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 22.0 programs.
RESULTS
The mean score for patient safety management activities by nurses was 4.29. A mean score of 4.49 was found for nursing workplace spirituality and a mean of 3.43 for the degree of self-efficacy. The results of the hierarchical multiple analysis revealed that self-efficacy (β=.31, p<.001) and nursing workplace spirituality (β=.27, p<.001) were predictive of patient safety management activities (R2=.18, p<.001).
CONCLUSION
These results suggest that self-efficacy and nursing workplace spirituality are highly associated with patient safety management activities by nurses. Intervention programs are needed to promote self-efficacy as well as nursing workplace spirituality.

Keyword

Nurses; Workplace; Spirituality; Self-efficacy; Patient safety
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