J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2019 Mar;25(2):106-114. 10.11111/jkana.2019.25.2.106.

Effects of Nursing Workplace Spirituality and Self-efficacy on the Patient Safety Management Activities of Nurses

  • 1Department of Nursing, Graduate School, Sahmyook University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Korea. ohpj@syu.ac.kr


The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of nursing workplace spirituality and self-efficacy on patient safety management activities of nurses.
A purposive sample of 212 nurses from two general hospitals was recruited for the cross-sectional survey design. During March and April, 2017, data were collected through structured self-administered questionnaires. The assessment tools were Patient Safety Management Activities Scale, Nursing Workplace Spirituality Scale and Self-efficacy Scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and hierachical multiple regression analyses with SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 22.0 programs.
The mean score for patient safety management activities by nurses was 4.29. A mean score of 4.49 was found for nursing workplace spirituality and a mean of 3.43 for the degree of self-efficacy. The results of the hierarchical multiple analysis revealed that self-efficacy (β=.31, p<.001) and nursing workplace spirituality (β=.27, p<.001) were predictive of patient safety management activities (R2=.18, p<.001).
These results suggest that self-efficacy and nursing workplace spirituality are highly associated with patient safety management activities by nurses. Intervention programs are needed to promote self-efficacy as well as nursing workplace spirituality.


Nurses; Workplace; Spirituality; Self-efficacy; Patient safety
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