Clin Should Elbow.  2019 Mar;22(1):9-15. 10.5397/cise.2019.22.1.9.

Arthroscopic-assisted Latissimus Dorsi Tendon Transfer for the Management of Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears in Middle-aged Physically Active Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Eulji Hospital, Eulji University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. fromspace@daum.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Latissimus dorsi (LD) tendon transfer is used as a treatment option for massive irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears, and recently, an arthroscopic-assisted technique was introduced. This study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of arthroscopic-assisted LD tendon transfer for the management of irreparable rotator cuff tears in active middle-aged patients.
METHODS
The records of five patients (two males) with irreparable tears involving the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons managed by arthroscopic-assisted LD tendon transfer were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the visual analogue scale (VAS) pain scale, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeon's (ASES) scores, the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) scale, and ranges of motion. Postoperative integrities of transferred tendon were evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging in 4 patients and by ultrasound in one.
RESULTS
Mean patient age was 55 years (range, 48-61 years), and mean follow-up period was 20 months (range, 12.0-27.2 months). Mean VAS score significantly improved from 6.6 ± 2.6 preoperatively to 1.8 ± 2.5 postoperatively (p=0.009), mean ASES score increased from 67.6 ± 9.2 to 84.6 ± 15.1, and mean UCLA score from 18.0 ± 1.4 to 28.8 ± 8.5 (all p<0.001). Postoperative imaging of the transferred LD tendon showed intact repair in 4 patients. The remaining patient experienced LD transfer rupture and a poor outcome.
CONCLUSIONS
Arthroscopic-assisted LD tendon transfer improved shoulder pain and function in patients with massive, irreparable rotator cuff tears, and may be an option for this condition, especially in physically active patients.

Keyword

Irreparable; Rotator cuff tear; Latissimus dorsi; Arthroscopic; Tendon transfer

MeSH Terms

California
Elbow
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Retrospective Studies
Rotator Cuff*
Rupture
Shoulder
Shoulder Pain
Superficial Back Muscles*
Tears*
Tendon Transfer*
Tendons*
Ultrasonography
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