Psychiatry Investig.  2019 Feb;16(2):139-144. 10.30773/pi.2018.12.03.

Credibility Judgment Predictors for Child Sexual Abuse Reports in Forensic Psychiatric Evaluations

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Conde de São Januário Central Hospital, Macau, China.
  • 3Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Department, Kaohsiung Municipal Kai-Syuan Psychiatric Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. chinghongtsai@gmail.com
  • 4Graduate School of Human Sexuality, Shu-Te University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
We intended to analyze the credibility judgment in written forensic psychiatric reports of child sexual abuse registered in Southern Taiwan.
METHODS
Ninety-six cases of child sexual abuse between August 2010 and October 2017 encountered in two hospitals were analyzed. The results in these reports were categorized into credible and non-credible. We identified the factors that distinguished between the two groups in bivariate analyses using chi-square test. A binary logistic regression analysis was performed to determine whether the factors that significantly correlated in the bivariate analyses were independent predictors of credible judgments.
RESULTS
Among 96 cases, 70 (73%) were judged as credible. Consistent testimonies of children (odds ratio=40.82) and multiple abuse events (odds ratio=6.05) were positive variables independently related to the sexual abuse allegations judged as credible.
CONCLUSION
The number of allegations judged as credible in this study was slightly higher than that reported in other studies. Our findings about predictors for credible cases are not in line with those reported previously. Due to the differences in resources of the cases and backgrounds of the evaluators among multiple studies, direct comparisons with previous studies must be treated with caution.

Keyword

Child sexual abuse; Expert testimony; Child psychiatry; Forensic psychiatry

MeSH Terms

Child
Child Abuse, Sexual*
Child Psychiatry
Child*
Expert Testimony
Forensic Psychiatry
Humans
Judgment*
Logistic Models
Sex Offenses
Taiwan
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